Prototyping 14 Jan
Discussion with Andre:
- research on self censorship habits in Indonesia in last 5 years. Focus on informal silencing mechanisms
- urgency: different actors using social media to promote certain ideologies and suppress others, in an organized way
- large scale tactical media
- first idea: series of workshops where people could talk back to these problematics and learn how to resist them - can we suggest ways to view social media as a collective practice?
- problems: how to manage my role? as facilitator? educator? outsider? then – logistically, how to perform these workshops from NL?
- also, how to maximize the chance that the project goes beyond the workshops I host?
- Instead of workshops: developing an RPG, which presents several different strategies for performing and participating in social media environments that are especially hostile toward women.
- the game is multiplayer and has both online and offline aspects
- through roleplay, it invites you to engage in the manufactured arena of social media, but not as yourself – allowing you to experiment with a new relation to the medium
- the game and its outcomes (profiles created, comments left behind, accounts reported) are different every time it is played; consecutive games and gamers may interact with each other
- Plus point: "Games are distinct from work, which is usually carried out for remuneration, and from art, which is more often an expression of aesthetic or ideological elements."
- also: "Together, the players may collaborate on a story involving those characters; create, develop, and "explore" the setting; or vicariously experience an adventure outside the bounds of everyday life."
- Plus point: game development and gameplay can be collective, but the game is in itself also framework which can be used over and over without me
- think of: mechanisms that allow the collective to be aware of itself (hashtags? codes?)
- the 4 aspects of games: goals? rules? challenge? interaction?
- how can the game to be distributed? in a physical space? across virtual network?
The Game: The Game by Angela Washko
The Game: The Game is a multi-choice videogame which takes the form of a dating simulator, pitting you against six men who are aggressively vying for your attention at a bar. Composed entirely of scenarios, techniques, and language from texts and instructional videos created by these seduction coaches, The Game: The Game flips the script on the iterative processes of some of the world’s most prominent pick-up artists. If their techniques are systematically manipulative, The Game: The Game allows you to tactically explore, expose, and defuse them.
ORES wikipedia editing workshop by Cristina and Manetta
The Possibility of an Army
To do next:
- start with small scale, start developing the aims, premises of the game
- document the development of the game
- context: instagram
- central meeting space
- tracking mechanism:
- publishing mechanism
- my role: setting up the rules and then observe
Research 16 Jan
Discussion with Aymeric:
- look at existing game cultures: e.g. ARG (alternate reality game (ARG) is an interactive networked narrative that uses the real world as a platform and employs transmedia storytelling to deliver a story that may be altered by players' ideas or actions)
- look at counterculture / revolutionary manuals, as a medium to accompany the game (a guide / rulebook to this practice you are developing)
- plus point: good to frame the project as a response to the already-existing game that social media has become. Therefore it is not the creation of a new game but an invitation to play it differently
- still unclear: the parameters of the game, how you would win / why
- important to explore the tension between 'real life' and the game
Steal This Book by Abbie Hoffman
The Anarchist Cookbook by William Powell
Assassin (live action game)
Gameplay occurs at all hours and in all places unless otherwise disallowed by the rules. Since an elimination attempt could occur at any time, successful players are obliged to develop a degree of watchful paranoia.
World Without Oil (alternate reality game)
World Without Oil (WWO) is an alternate reality game (ARG) created to call attention to, spark dialogue about, plan for and engineer solutions to a possible near-future global oil shortage, post peak oil. The game sketched out the overarching conditions of a realistic oil shock, then called upon players to imagine and document their lives under those conditions. Compelling player stories and ideas were incorporated into the official narrative, posted daily. Players could choose to post their stories as videos, images or blog entries, or to phone or email them to the WWO gamemasters. The game's central site linked to all the player material, and the game's characters documented their own lives, and commented on player stories, on a community blog and individual blogs, plus via IM, chat, Twitter and other media.
Research 23 Jan
Link to RPG 1: https://pad.xpub.nl/p/tash-documentation01
On game mechanics
- Turns: In general, a turn is a segment of the game set aside for certain actions to happen before moving on to the next turn, where the sequence of events can largely repeat. In a truly abstract game (backgammon) turns are nothing more than a means to regulate play. In less abstract games (Risk), turns obviously denote the passage of time, but the amount of time is not clear, nor important. In simulation games, time is generally more concrete. Some games use player turns where one player gets to perform his actions before another player can perform any on his turn (Monopoly and chess would be classic examples). Some use game turns, where all players contribute to the actions of a single turn
- Action points: These control what players may do on their turns in the game by allocating each player a budget of "action points" each turn. These points may be spent on various actions according to the game rules, such as moving pieces, drawing cards, collecting money, etc.
- Cards: These involve the use of cards similar to playing cards to act as a randomizer and/or to act as tokens to keep track of states in the game. A common use is for a deck of cards to be shuffled and placed face down on or near the game playing area. When a random result is called for, a player draws a card and what is printed on the card determines the outcome of the result.
- Capture/eliminate: In some games, the number of tokens a player has on the playing surface is related to his current strength in the game. In such games, it can be an important goal to capture opponent's tokens, meaning to remove them from the playing surface. Many video games express the capture mechanism in the form of a kill count. Also think of: possibility of suspension / reinstatement.
- Catch-up: Some games include a mechanism designed to make progress towards victory more difficult the closer a player gets to it. The idea behind this is to allow trailing players a chance to catch up and potentially still win the game, rather than suffer an inevitable loss once they fall behind. Other games do the reverse, making the player in the lead more capable of winning, such as in Monopoly, and thus the game is drawn to an end sooner. This may be desirable in zero-sum games.
- Dice: These involve the use of dice, usually as randomisers. The most common use of dice is to randomly determine the outcome of an interaction in a game. Dice often determine the outcomes of in-game conflict between players, with different outcomes of the die/dice roll of different benefit (or adverse effect) to each player involved. This is useful in games that simulate direct conflicts of interest.
- Movement: Many board games involve the movement of playing tokens. How these tokens are allowed to move, and when, is governed by movement mechanics.
- Resource management: Many games involve the management of resources. Examples of game resources include tokens, money, land, natural resources, human resources and game points.
- Role-playing: Role-playing games often rely on mechanics that determine the effectiveness of in-game actions by how well the player acts out the role of a fictional character. While early role-playing games such as Dungeons & Dragons relied heavily on either group consensus or the judgement of a single player (deemed the Dungeon Master or Game Master) or on randomizers such as dice, later generations of narrativist games use more structured and integrated systems to allow role-playing to influence the creative input and output of the players, so both acting out roles and employing rules take part in shaping the gameplay.
- Game modes: A game mode is a distinct configuration that varies gameplay and affects how other game mechanics behave. A game with several modes will present different settings in each one, changing how a particular element of the game is played. One of the most common examples of game mode is the single player versus multiplayer choice in video games, where multiplayer can further be cooperative or competitive.
On victory mechanics
- Goals: This is the most general sort of victory condition, which can be broad enough to encompass any method of winning, but here refers to game-specific goals that are usually not duplicated in other games. An example is the checkmate of a king in chess.
- Quest: A quest in role-playing video games—including massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs) and their predecessors, MUDs—is a task that a player-controlled character, "party" or group of characters may complete in order to gain a reward.
- Loss avoidance: Some games feature a losing condition, such as being checkmated (chess), running out of cards first (War), running out of hitpoints (Quake), or being tagged (tag). In such a game, the winner is the only remaining player to have avoided loss.
- Puzzle solving: Some games end when a player wins by solving a puzzle or riddle posed by the game. Examples include Cluedo, hangman and zendo.
- Races: Many simple games (and some complex ones) are effectively races. The first player to advance one or more tokens to or beyond a certain point on the board wins. Examples: backgammon, ludo, chutes & ladders.
- Structure building: The goal of a structure building game is to acquire and assemble a set of game resources into either a defined winning structure or into a structure that is somehow better than those of other players. In some games, the acquisition is of primary importance (e.g. concentration), while in others the resources are readily available and the interactions between them form more or less useful structures (e.g. poker).
- Territory control: A winner may be decided by which player controls the most "territory" on the playing surface, or a specific piece of territory. This is common in wargames but is also used in more abstract games such as go.
- Victory points: A player's progress is often measured by an abstract quantity of victory points or simply known as VP, which accumulate as the game develops.
Prototyping 11 Feb
Noting down all potential actions in the game: https://pad.xpub.nl/p/tash-documentation02
- always begin a game together
- always follow people back
- stay in character until further instruction
- always screenshot your engagements in order of play
- always end with a collective evaluation, adding to the rulebook / glossary online
So far my idea is to have three parts to the project.
In order of priority, they are:
- the game (concept & material design)
- home / mission control website with documentation of gameplay
- the rulebook / reader (perhaps online)
Research: scraping / documentation mechanisms
One possibility would be to aggregate each player's activity via API. However, some research into Instagram's API shows that it is one of the most restrictive of all the popular social platforms. For reasons of 'privacy' and 'security' they have been consistently deprecating the API's functionality over the past several years. Regular users (non-business accounts and non developers) will find it almost impossible to gain full access to their own activity, let alone other users or public content.
One thing I did learn when poring over their documentation, is that there is a hook for @mentions on the Instagram Graph API. This API is only available for registered and approved business accounts, a process which requires Instagram manually reviewing your app proposal. Business verification also asks for a linked Facebook business account, another level of regulation which I find highly problematic. After all this, Instagram still holds the right to revoke your access token at any time.
So, while this approach seems unsuitable for my game; I am learning that there may be ways to use the Instagram app's core functionality to my advantage. For example:
- I could create a primary profile for the game, which acts as the aggregator
- this profile would follow all players, thereby documenting their actions
- all players could tag / mention the primary profile in their posts & comments, thereby documenting their actions
- one criticism to this was: wouldn't this tagging give your game away? but I think my game is more about changing the players' own literacy and behaviour, and less about actually succeeding in cyberwarfare
- safety concern: perhaps this profile should be set on private to avoid harrassment? or is that part of the point?
With this approach, I would have to research ways to embed the instagram feed of the primary game user into my game website, or use some sort of selenium / mobile emulator hack to get the page to display.
- as low of a barrier to play as possible. this means: do not overcomplicate game mechanics; make props easily and cheaply printable
- collective aspect. champion interaction between players and perhaps 'play' roles in groups of 2?
- balance between media literacy emphasis & fun / adventure outside of own's daily life
- February / March: 1st & 2nd test plays
- April: beta test
- May: 1st play
- June: final documentation and production
Game development 20 Feb
Card-based game + live action instagramming
Focus: actions + reward mechanisms
For later: characters + interaction
Order of play
- Collectively decide on a mission or a target
- Divide into teams of 2
- Create Protonmail accounts and Instagram profiles
- Set up first character traits (follows, bio, etc)
- In the meantime, each team is given a set of 3 gardening cards (Call allies, maintain conversation, skip)
- Picking up cards from two decks, each team then completes 10 actions:
- Pick up action card + channel card
- Make screenshot and document points
- At the end of 10 rounds, do one round of evaluation
- Picking up cards, each team then completes another 10 actions
- Final round of evaluation, count points and decide on fate of accounts
Prototyping 5 Mar
Discussion with Michael:
- how to distribute the game & the research? Via a Git repo?
- this would allow others (who are truly interested) to contribute to it and even fork the game
- structure: a database around one markdown document which can be rendered into a) printable cards for the game and b) a webpage with links to articles
- the document would consist of a glossary of terms which are linked to real historical cases. these terms also form the actions in the game
- to think about: archival mode of the game? real-time performance of the game?
Prototyping 11 Mar
Discussion with Andre:
- alternative to Git: using Mediawiki
- so workflow would be: Mediawiki > download content via mwclient > html file with css > print pdf or PNGs
- wiki hosted on raspberry pi, public address through xpub
Links: https://gitlab.com/Mondotheque/RadiatedBook https://github.com/wdka-publicationSt/print-kiosk-ii https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Manual:Installation_guide https://github.com/mwclient/mwclient/wiki/Tutorial:Querying-Wikipedia-with-mwclient
Game development 25 Mar
- Operation Earnest Voice
- Internet Research Agency
- Troll Palayan
- The 50cent Party
- Lithuanian Elves
- Muslim Cyber Army
- Propaganda Office
- Cambridge Analytica
- Flower Speech
- Online Influencing Agency
- Deep Deception
- Real Fakes
- Disinformation Playbook
- Disruption Operational Playbook
- Daily Stormer Playbook
- Disruption Network Lab
- Troll Handbook
- Game manual
- Player Companion
- Player's Handbook
- Tactical Handbook
- Honeypot / Honey trapping
- Theatre of the Oppressed
- Cards Against Humanity
- Dungeons and Dragons
- World Without Oil
- Trivial Pursuit
- Guess who?
- World of Warcraft
Key aspects of game:
- labour and performance
- role playing and sockpuppetry
- talking back and resistance
- The Amateur Influencer's Handbook
- Warnet Workers Handbook
- Contra-Warnet Collective
- This Is Not A Game and This Is Not a Warnet
- Fake off