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Revision as of 12:49, 15 December 2020 by Michael Murtaugh (talk | contribs)


<!DOCTYPE html>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" lang="" xml:lang="">
  <meta charset="utf-8" />
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=yes" />
  <title>This is a page</title>
  <link href="style.css" rel="stylesheet">

The DOCTYPE is important to specify. When it's missing, many browsers (Internet Explorer in particular) will format the using "quirks mode" -- or using exceptions to modern CSS rules to support the historical (and deprecated) behavior of web browsers.

NB: When using in PHP, the character set cannot be set with the <?xml> tag -- as this kind of tag conflicts with the PHP parser.

Scripting & CSS

Example with placeholders for Javascript and CSS Stylesheets (both inline and external).

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="iso-8859-1"?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en">
<!-- external style sheet -->
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="styles.css" /> 
<!-- external javascript -->
<script language="JavaScript" type="text/javascript" src="prototype.js">
<!-- inline stylesheet -->
<style type="text/css">
body {
	font-family: Arial,Verdana,Helvetica,sans-serif;
<!-- inline javascript -->
<script type="text/javascript">
	function init() {
 			alert("javascript says hello as well");

<!-- body with javascript hook (call function when page is finished loading -->
<body onload="init()">
<p style="font-size: 14px">Hello</p>