UserAndre Castro/maps01

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Street Name Map in http://pzwart3.wdka.hro.nl/~acastro/map/

Presentation Notes

What is it (at the moment)

  • A map of the center of Rotterdam
  • peculiarity: drawn solely by its streets names
  • street names suffixes (straat, weg, etc) remove
  • can access information on the person, local or event which names the street


Aims

  • Intention is still not clear
  • Developed from my fascination with maps, specially maps that are border-less
  • A way to look at the city and try to understand a more of it
    • What names are given to streets?
    • Who are this people?
    • the shapes it draws - (Michel de Certeau - city and view; walking)
  • not finished
  • what i want it to be ? not sure
  • one experiment: overlay map of Rotterdam before destroyed in WWII
  • perhaps: the 2 overplayed maps can serve as an invitation to walk on the routes of the old medival city, using the current city as the interface

Process

  • OpenStreeMap - possibility that it gives to make request on the map's data of an area
  • Osmarender - rendering tool - according to rules render the data into an svg image
  • Posting request on the street names and scraping info from Rotterdam municipality streets'name archive
  • Displaying under html document


Resources






Process

Maps / osm intro

Having recently found out Open Street Map I have been finding its various possibilities. Not only it is a open-source project that allows users to search and find information about place, but also anyone can contribute to the improvement of the maps, and the can easily be retrieved and used, for example to create new maps.


I have been exploring its potential and aiming at creating non-functional maps or trajectories that could open new perspectives on the city space. (situationists echos)


New Maps

Thinking about my fascination with maps, specially unconventional maps in which accuracy and comprehension are not priorities, such as map that friend draws you on a napkin, I started to imagine what this map could be, what form could it take, what would be its purpose, how it would be displayed and navigated.

Seeing in Making Maps blog a map of South America in which a mistake prevented the map-lines from being printed. The fluidity and in nonexistence of border said something about mobility and loosening of geo-political constraints.

Map-SouthAmerica.jpg

I would be interesting to do a similar thing to a city map. What happens when your the only references are the street names? Does our vision of the city change? Will it still be possible to go from place A to place B taking the map as a reference?

This possibility also seemed to make sense with a simple idea I had been tinkering with of removing the street-name's suffixes. So in Rotterdam "Nieuwe Binnenweg" will be only represented as "Nieuwe Binnen".

So I went on doing so.


retrieving osm data

  • find coordinates

In openstreetmap.org go to Export Menu and check the coordinates. they organized as [lat,long, lat++, long++] area[1,3,2,0] or in other works [lat,long, lat++, long++]

  • wget that area's data
wget -O data.osm "http://api.openstreetmap.org/api/0.6/map?bbox=4.4552603823670465,51.91739525301985,4.46384345121436,51.920373035178464"


Manipulation Data

python code put text here. Leave code to the other page


data rendering to svg osmarender

Osmararender renders osm data into an svg. It is constituted of 2 files:

- osm-map-features-z17.xml - is a kind of preferences file. Has to be edited in order to change the appearance of the map

- osmarender.xls - instructs on how the rendering should be done. Is advised not to change it.


I have started by altering the features file. For example: I remove all the elements besides the street names, or leave only lines and street names

(Not sure yet) It seems that when rendering, the svg becomes filled with elements which are no longer present (removed in the features-z17.xml file, therefore making it heavy and dificult to go through

Next step it to apply XSLT stylesheets to XML documents using xsltproc

using xmlstartlet

xmlstarlet tr osmarender.xsl osm-map-features-z17.xml > map.svg

using xmltproc

xsltproc osm-map-features-z17.xml > rendered-map.svg


Note: data file should be called data.osm, or otherwise osm-map-features-z17.xml data="data.osm" should be changed to the name to the file name in which is in

tanttttaaaaaa! the map (svg exported to svg)

Render-exp-04.png

Map Appearance

My aim is to render only the street names. This is are the steps to do it

  • pyton script (xpath) to parse the rules file, removing from the rules for unwanted visual elements. In this case all will be all besides the street's name

changing features file - python code

  • changed the svgBaseProfile.This can be set to full, basic of tinny(optimized to mobile phones) svgBaseProfie="basic"
  • remove background - in the svg the tag rect

In order to to so I had to edit the osmarender.xsl file and commented the background background

 <!-- <rect id="background" x="0px" y="0px" height="{$documentHeight}px" width="{$documentWidth}px" class="map-background"/> -->
  • frame removal

by altering the features file both minimumMapWidth="0.5" minimumMapHeight="0.5" to 1.5

osmarender xsl file

Currently I am looking more into how to change to osmarander.xsl file, so that just the elements that are wanted are rendered into the svg. Much work to do here

  • parsing

x = lxml.etree.XSLT(doc)

http://lxml.de/xpathxslt.html#xslt


Resources

http://www.use-it.be/europe/docs/OSMmanual/

http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Osmarender

http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Getting_Data Getting Data


Other Possibilities

  • GPS traces
  • Topographic map



relevant links

http://derickrethans.nl/what-is-openstreetmap.html Good explanation of OSM project

http://weait.com/content/openstreetmap-planet-file

http://derickrethans.nl/spatial-indexes-data-sqlite.html

osm Frameworks

Deploying your own Slippy Map

Pyrender-map rendering framework, programmed in Python

PythonOsmApi


Databases and data acess APIs

http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Databases_and_data_access_APIs


xpath tutorials

http://infohost.nmt.edu/tcc/help/pubs/pylxml/web/index.html#intro

http://www.w3schools.com/xpath/default.asp

http://lxml.de/



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OLD

OSM Elements

source: http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Map_Features

maps are made up of a few simple elements (Data primitives): nodes, ways and relations. Each element may have an arbitrary number of properties (a.k.a. Tags) which are Key-Value pairs (e.g. highway=primary). (All editing interfaces use the elements and allow the input of tags. )


NODE - the basic element, building block. Nodes consist of latitude and longitude (Nodes are needed to define a way, but a node can also be a standalone unconnected point representing something or points of interest (POI). Standalone nodes should always have at least one Tag such as amenity=telephone). Example <node id="25496583" lat="51.5173639" lon="-0.140043" version="1" changeset="203496" user="80n" uid="1238" visible="true" timestamp="2007-01-28T11:40:26Z"><tag k="highway" v="traffic_signals"/> </node>


WAY - ordered interconnection of at least 2 or more nodes can describe a street, footpath, railway line, river, fence, power line, area or building outline. CLOSED WAY - the first and last nodes are identical, enclosing an AREA


Databases and data acess APIs

http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Databases_and_data_access_APIs

API

The main API is the method of obtaining OSM data used by editors. Its limitations are that it will only return very small areas <0.25deg square.

This method of obtaining data should therefore be reserved for editing applications

TRAPI=

XAPI=

- Retrieve Particular Data Request Needs to be edited===

To acess data of a given area in http://www.openstreetmap.org/ go to Export Menu and check the coordinates. they organized as [bbox=lat,long, lat++, long++] area[1,3,2,0] or in other works [lat,long, lat++, long++]

EXAMPLES:

search all nodes in a small are in west Rotterdam:

wget http://open.mapquestapi.com/xapi/api/0.6/node[bbox=4.4552603823670465,51.91739525301985,4.46384345121436,51.920373035178464] -O rotterdam-west-test.osm


search pub nodes in Rotterdam

wget http://open.mapquestapi.com/xapi/api/0.6/node[amenity=pub][bbox=4.3142405612056836,51.87797066611181,4.588898764319719,51.973245376533505] -O rotterdam-pub-test.osm


search ways in a small area in west Rotterdam:

wget http://open.mapquestapi.com/xapi/api/0.6/way[bbox=4.4552603823670465,51.91739525301985,4.46384345121436,51.920373035178464] -O rotterdam-west-way-test.osm


Ways are where I can gather information about streets

Ways get rendered as streets/railways/footpaths/canals etc according to the tag(s) indicating what type of way it is. Ways are contiguous and non-branching. (You can get from beginning to end by following segments of the way, without "jumping" or backtracing)


eg: <tag k="addr:street" v="Mauritsstraat"/>


eg:

 <way id="5090250" visible="true" timestamp="2009-01-19T19:07:25Z" version="8" changeset="816806" user="Blumpsy" uid="64226">
   <nd ref="822403"/>
   <nd ref="21533912"/>
   <nd ref="821601"/>
   <nd ref="21533910"/>
   <nd ref="135791608"/>
   <nd ref="333725784"/>
   <nd ref="333725781"/>
   <nd ref="333725774"/>
   <nd ref="333725776"/>
   <nd ref="823771"/>
   <tag k="highway" v="unclassified"/>
   <tag k="name" v="Clipstone Street"/>
   <tag k="oneway" v="yes"/>
 </way>


All Elements

All elements (nodes, ways and relations) that match the given filter predicates can be requested using the following URL:

http://www.informationfreeway.org/api/0.6/*[...]

This returns an xml document containing nodes, ways and relations that match the search terms. For each matching way the nodes and referenced by that way are also returned. Likewise, for each matching relation the ways and nodes referenced by that relation are also returned.

Source: http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Xapi