User:Carmen Gray

From XPUB & Lens-Based wiki


Term 1: Vernacular Language Processing


Prototyping notes
Prototyping notes 2
Prototyping notes 3
Prototyping notes 5
Prototyping notes 6

Group exercises

Defining the reader

We were asked to bring texts to work with.
I brought Moyra Davey's essay "The problem of reading",
Ulises Carrion "Querido lector: no lea" (Dear reader: don't read)
Italo Calvino If On a Winter’s Night a Traveler

[What of all] the Books You’ve Been Planning To Read For Ages…the Books Dealing With Something You’re Working On At The Moment…[the ones] That Fill You With Sudden Inexplicable Curiosity, Not Easily Justified…the Books Read Long Ago Which It’s Now Time To Reread and the Books You’ve Always Pretended To Have Read And Now It’s Time To Sit Down And Really Read Them[?]

Pad of the day:

Interesting mentions:
- Esperanto's failure
- How basque language works (a language created so long ago that many contemporary realities didn't exist, way of naming new concepts)
- False friends concept in English

Image transcription

Group exercise with Kimberley and Kamo

Text processing

Exercise with Supi, Chae and Miriam. We all departed from Hamlet's to be or not to be. Then we extracted words following different criterias and compared the very different results.


House of Dust

Experiment embedding my own poem "I have imagined myself doing this a million times already". Great interest in this work, artist. Saved many links and ideas regarding concrete poetry and computer generated poetry. It was one of the best moments of the course for me. Really sad I lost all this.

Special Issue 16 Learning how to walk while catwalking

We departed from the given topic Vernacular Language Processing landing in the concept of Rejection. This was due to a kind of organic thread that unified the current issues we were experiencing, mostly rejections from room hunting in Rotterdam. In the end the SI16 took the form of an API and a website containing a toolkit with the different projects we developed.

SI16 website

Final Group Project: ...and I wish that your question has been answered

This is an act of persistent resistance. We created a few functions to facilitate an iterative process of refusal towards PM Kryakos Mitsotakis and PM Mark Rutte's answers during a Press Conference and any of their possible versions. We invite you to play as much as you want with these functions and create your own answers as counter-reaction to Mark Rutte's final sentence: "So this is my answer and I wish that your question has been answered". Every new answer, every new iteration, can be submitted to our Archive of Repetitive Answers. Although they will never be good enough, nor shall they be accepted as exhaustive, we consider the modified answers as a trigger for a never-ending dialogue.

Our tool is a filter to process and alter texts. By targeting specific words and replacing them, either for another word, for specific characters or for blank spaces, the reader or user of the tool can change the text in many ways. The tool includes three functions The function “respell” receives as input a text (string type) and substitute all the occurrences of a target word with a replacement chosen by the user. The function “stitch” is very similar to the previous one but replaces all the occurrences of a target word with a single character (it can also be a blank space) that is repeated as many times as the length of the target. The third function “reveal” also works very similar but deletes all input text except the target word(s) and replaces the deleted text with blank spaces.

colophon “...and I wish that your question has been answered.”

Mitsa (Dimitra Chaida), Erica Gargaglione, Carmen Gray, Miriam Schöb

December 2021

Website form

screenshots of the replacement tool site
screenshots of the replacement tool site
screenshots of the replacement tool site 3
example of one of the archived answers 2

Printed publication

This is the part in which I focused the most as I felt quite stuck with the coding of the snippets for the replacement function. We wanted to have an example of the function on a hard copy form and came up with the idea of using semi transparent paper so we could pile the different versions of archived answers on top of the original text. By using a monospaced font and one page with the text in black and another one with the text in red we got closer to the layering effect we were looking for. We also printed an inside sheet in which we explained the project and an insert that works as a wrapper with the original text and a QR code to the website form.

Printed publication 1
Printed publication 2
Printed publication 3
File:Printed publication 4.jpg
Printed publication 4
Printed publication 5
Printed publication 6

Role in the Special Issue

My role in the special issue 16 was forming part of the group with Erica, Mitsa and Miriam. Departing from the topic of "Rejection", we divided the class into several groups that focused on different aspects of this topic. At the beginning the name of our group was empowerment. Inspired by the lecture given by Clara Balaguer, we took ideas like the broken english from Linton Kwesi Johnston

photo of the notebook's notes from the Empowerment group meeting

We talked about flipping the limitations brought from technology, language and knowledge to use them as an empowering tool instead, just like Linton Kwesi Johnston did. As a way to be recognised by your fellows, downgrading the thresholds but using it to communicate. Then we arrived to the point of using an encrypted language as a resistance practice. The same that Johnston is using this broken english, that talks more to the people in his situation that the "people in power" he talks about. We found examples like the Basque and Catalan languages used during the Spanish Civil war to avoid the Franco's side to know about their communications. Then Mitsa brought up the example of the language spoken by the trans community (also mentioned in the lecture by ........) and trans sex workers in Athens. The history behind gossips was also mentioned as an old safe space amongst women with negative connotations in the present. Encrypted code = safe space.

When we met with all the class we decided to set up a common intention within our Special Issue, and that was, departing from a common will to question power relationships -> broken english -> tactics -> toolkit -> launch.

Again, following this train of thought, we mentioned the exclusivity of these realms (knowledge, language, technology) the arrogance and snobbism that sometimes comes with the expertise and the will to challenge that. We connected these issues with the political correctness and euphemisms used in political speeches.

We then decided that we wanted to make a tool, a code function that would incarnate and put into practice these ideas. The next step then was finding a corpora to work with. Political speeches, covid regulations, any statement addressing the population as a whole.

Coming back to my specific role within the production of the Special Issue, I mainly took care of the concept, writing and printing of the publication we did in my Empowerment group.

I also took part in the group that defined the politics of the API. We then discussed the working conditions, the access politics, if it would need a key, or if we should put limits in the opening times. I specially learnt from this process because I had no previous knowledge whatsoever of what an API is and how it defines the ethics and politics of the companies' sites. You can have a look at the notes I took here:

API politics' notes

My role outside from my work within my group was also taking care of the manifesto, for which I developed a fictional dialogue between some characters in order to explain what was the Special Issue about. I came up with the idea of having one of the characters as one of us, that goes back home in Christmas and is being asked by their parents and grandma what is this whole thing about. Here you can have a look at the document Here the pad that we used also as a brainstorming about the characteristics of the API and how we could understand it in a vernacular way: And this is the final form it took, we recorded ourselves in Varia performing the different bubbles of the text as different characters and for me, it was one of the best moments of the year so far.!_JEJEJEJ

Another task I undertook together with Gersande and Erica was writing the invitation/newsletter for the launch, you can see the result here:

invitation/newsletter for the SI16

And last but not least, I was also in charge of ordering and collecting the ink pads, stamps, plasters and bandages with the name of the SI and the logo.

Stamp SI16

Reading List

Further research

Main interests/experiments/want to develop further

Concrete Poetry


Verse that emphasizes nonlinguistic elements in its meaning, such as a typeface that creates a visual image of the topic. Examples include George Herbert’s “Easter Wings” and “The Altar” and George Starbuck’s “Poem in the Shape of a Potted Christmas Tree”. Browse more concrete poems. I developed a big interest in this topic. I would like to see the relation with these poetry examples

paterson by W.C.W
Paterson by WCW

and with this ASCII art other examples:

data workers
Data workers 2


After getting to know this in class I developed a further interest at the workshop by Florian Kramer in the Fanzine Festival organised by XPUB2. This is the pad from the workshop in which all the resources, ASCII art generators and more info is included.

I thought of working on a project converting my photos into ASCII art, I had a lot done (all is lost now) trying out different generators and ways. Also inverting the result in a text edit. This is a project idea that I would like to develop further together with Gersande, and maybe publish it through Kimberley's publishing house Office of Metaphors. Gersande and I spoke about different ways in which we could bookbind the publication so that you would keep it far from your eyes in order to see the image better.

ascii art

Computer image reading

Would like to develop these experiments (I had quite some more than this) further, for that I tried to download an internet browser for blind people so that I could access websites and see the description the computer does of each photo directly. Unfortunately I didn't manage yet.

instagram screenshot

Term 2: Gamification


Group exercises


Group exercise with Gersande, Miriam and Supi looking at the ideology of any object. We chose "Hair" and presented this:

Group exercise with Gersande, Miriam and Supi

The pad for that day is here:


Group exercise together with Emma and Gersande in which we imagined the form of the special issue as a game in a box. We then designed the rules and the different steps of the game.

Special Issue 17 This box found you for a reason


Dear Player,

I found you for a reason. Welcome to my productive space. Here play meets work. Time is ordered in unusual ways and patterns unravel. Together, we mess with the boundaries between leisure and labour. How are your boundaries? Maybe you shouldn't go to work tomorrow. But could you really follow your own schedule? Would you be more productive if you chose when to work?

I never rest and I never work.

I found you for a reason. I fall apart when I'm exposed. I fall apart when you open me.

This is the place to play. It becomes your own productive space. You can curate your own experience, make it more or less expansive. An individual experience or a collective one.

Put me back together. However you decide to take care of me, remember:

I found you for a reason.

Make all the notes you find inside me your own. Curate them, spread them, mark them, scratch them, add to them, subtract from them, play with them! Lay them on any surface and reorganise them.

This is your playground. Nothing needs to come from it and anything can come from it. Take a moment to reflect on how you and others spend time. Take everything from it, deny it everything. You are in control.

We found each other for a reason.

- The box

Role in the SI17

My role in the SI17 has been part of The Box group together with Jian and Gersande. Unfortunately, I was working in Spain during the break, painting a commissioned mural with Cachete Jack illustration duo (link) and setting up an exhibition (link), where my laptop was stolen. Due to this, it was hard for me to follow the online meetings and to get work done from there. As soon as I arrived to The Netherlands I catched up with them and helped with the design of the box and its props (stickers, engravings).

I wasn't part of the decision making process but then when I arrived we organised ourselves with a timeline and we went to the plexiglas factory in Rotterdam, ordered it and cut it in the laser cut machine. The cutting and engraving of the material was rather tricky as the machine settings were changing and the texture of the engraving was therefore different. It took us two very long days in which we worked assembling the different parts of the box.

I also took part in the user experience test we did in PNF in The Hague on Wednesday 17th.

I have also been working on the writing of the invitation for the launch, more or less as the same that in the previous special issue. You can see the pad here: I focused on bringing some references from books and zines I have that touch upon the topic of artistic labour, exploitation, leisure and capitalism. I developed some ideas as a train of thought departing from Ian Curtis statement in which he said that he was very happy working in a factory because he could daydream all day.

Apart from that, and since I also chose the name for the previous SI, I was also in charge of the title and subtitle of the SI 17.

Documentation of the prep, launch and box

During the day of the launch I also helped documenting the process of the set up, the box and the opening.

Photo documentation 1
Screenshot 2022-03-29 at 12.31.55.png

Reading List

Further research

Main interests/experiments/want to develop further

Games in books/playful books

A diary of books 2022

A books diary.jpg

Sharp Tongues, Loose Lips, Open Eyes, Ears to the Ground

Los detectives salvajes by Roberto Bolano

"Just finished reading The Savage Detectives by Roberto Bolaño and the riddle that closes the book is hanging around my head like a damn fly I can’t squat. What do you think Bolaño tried to tell us with it?

My opinion is this one: the first two windows represent fractions of the reality (the part of a star and a blanket), which are in some way what the literature is consisted of, parts of a whole, the point of view of each writer influenced by his/her life experiencies, personalities, desires, fears. And here comes my guess, I like to think that outside the third window there stand the readers, us. The interrupted silhouete makes me think that in fact there is no window at all, just represents what it is behind us as we are outside searching for the world as it is, looking for the whole that the literature showed us just in fragments. We decided to make a step outside the door and feel by ourselves the literature. And I also think that this is what represents the visceral reality movement, the poetry of the realism as it is, not perfumed nor disguised just to make it beautiful (perfect simbolism of this is Cesarea Tinajero, the mother of the movement that has a ‘vulgar’ look, a ‘motherly’ look, she just looked like a real earthly person)."

riddle 1
riddle 2

Rayuela, by Julio Cortazar

"In his brief, iconic, and tricksy “Table of Instructions,” Cortázar suggests that there are “two books above all” to be read in Hopscotch: a normal, linear reading of the first 56 chapters, and a second reading which incorporates the later section of chapters “From Diverse Sides,” reading chapters in a non-linear sequence denoted at the end of each chapter (“hopscotching” around the book, so to speak)."

rayuela 1

Personal Projects/Collaborations


next to the work done at school I have also been working on these parallel projects. Some of them were done before starting the course but I have listed them here as a way to keep track of my publishing endeavours. I can also see so many mistakes, flaws and naivete after having studied and gone through colophones, licences, etc. Still no better way to learn than taking risks and making mistakes.

Untitled Fanzine

A Room in a City

a room in a city

Where I live the streets have flower names


A Cake Disasterrr

a cake disasterr

What started with finding a cake cookbook that was about as cute as it was outrageous has been distorted and transformed into a slice of our own everyday life fantasy. An assortment of our melting reveries, standing jokes, recurrent dreams and revolutionary and artistic references. The book originally addressed the ideal 50’s housewife, including instructions on how to bake a cake and still have time to clean the house. By warping and rebuilding these we attempt to bombard an unacceptable discourse that is sadly still present nowadays. Including texts from Raoul Vaneigem, Betty Crocket, Andrea Abreu, Guy Debord, Gertrude Stein, Allan Kaprov, Derek Jarman, Georges Perec, Gil J. Wolman, Destiny’s Child and Lefebvre. Printed at terry.bleu First edition of 100 20 pages A5 Riso in 4 colors

Sans Soleil

SANS SOLEIL by Chris Marker by Carmen Gray (Second Edition) "First print from a series of publications featuring the subtitles and the depiction/deconstruction of different movies. In this chase, it is Sans Soleil (1983) by Chris Marker. The subject of my thesis and result of a long way of experiments- also taking the form of an installation in the Shower Project Space."

16 pages 18x27cm Riso printed / two colors 100 copies


sans soleil

I Imagined Myself Doing This a Million Times Already

maquete lost in laptop, looking for a copy I sent to a friend.

Mapping objects

mapping objects1
mapping objects

Website/search engine/

website archive1
website archive

La Documental


Glossary of Publishing Houses/Projects

The Social Life of the Book (Castillo/Corrales)

is a co-operatively run, non-profit contemporary art venue that includes an exhibition space, a bookstore and a publishing house. Established since 2007 in Paris – Belleville, it is managed by a group of artists, curators, writers and graphic designers. castillo/corrales was conceived as a new type of art institution, one that provides artists, professionals and audience with an intimate and informal environment conducive to experimentation, discussion and learning.

The Social Life of the Book is a collection of commissioned texts dealing with books, and how they engage with the circulation of ideas and the agency of social situations. It brings together artists, publishers, writers, designers, booksellers, etc. who consider books less as finished objects or forms but for their disruptive potential and their ability to produce new relationships, new publics and new meanings.

It develops as a series of 16-page, saddle- stitched signatures, available on postal subscription and in selected bookstores. The collection will also be hand-bound into a single volume, whose edition is determined by demand. In its contents as well as its distribution, the series aims to entice readers into a particular attention not only to printed material as such, but also to the ecosystem of knowledge writing, publishing and distributing form together.

Torpedo Press

Publishing house founded in 2005 as a non-profit Bookshop and Publisher focused on the promotion and production of artists's publications, art theory and critical readers. They organize discursive activities, exhibitions and events related to the process of publishing. Torpedo is run by Elin Maria Olaussen, Karen Christine Tandberg and Kim Svensson.

From 2013-18 we managed the Torpedo bookshop satellite at Kunstnernes Hus. Since 2017 they run the project space PUB and established a joint distribution plattform Nordic Art Press (NAP) together with Eller med a.

Torpedo Press


Terranova was founded in 2013 as a production company, but soon turned its practice to publishing after photographer Rafa Castells asked film maker Luis Cerveró (the founder of Terranova) to help him publish his first book, called Schlecker.

Eight years and more than forty books later, Luis Cerveró decided to partner up with bouquiniste Lucía Boned to transform Terranova into a bookshop and a gallery, while still maintaining their publishing activities.

In the fall of 2021, after almost a year of restoration, Terranova opened its new facilities in an old XIX-century modernist shoe shop located in Barcelona’s Sant Antoni neighborhood.

Our goal is to bring to the city all sorts of books that are hard to find in other bookshops. Mostly international art publications, vintage rarities, self published fanzines, and children books.

We also held very small and specific monthly exhibitions, one in our back room, and another one in our left window display.

Terrranova homepage

Fitzcarraldo Editions

Fitzcarraldo Editions is an independent publisher specialising in contemporary fiction and long-form essays. Founded in 2014, it focuses on ambitious, imaginative and innovative writing, both in translation and in the English language. The series, designed by Ray O’Meara, are published as paperback originals with French flaps, using a custom serif typeface (called Fitzcarraldo). Fitzcarraldo Editions publishes, among other authors, 2015 and 2018 Nobel Prize in Literature laureates Svetlana Alexievich and Olga Tokarczuk.

Fitzcarraldo Editions homepage

Sternberg Press

Sternberg Press is a London-based publishing house of art and cultural criticism, creative nonfiction, and literary and experimental fiction. Founded by Caroline Schneider in New York in 1999, it aims to support both new and established writers and nourish lasting editorial relationships. The press is committed to publishing books with an interdisciplinary focus on contemporary visual culture and related critical discourse.

Sternberg Press homepage

Ruja Press

is a publishing project since 2013 by Ruohong Wu and José Quintanar. Two artists working on books that like to understand publishing as our principal artistic practice. Their goal is to self-publish their zines and to expand the audience for contemporary art, by promoting, exhibiting, and publishing books made by other artists. They emphasize low-cost art editions in order to make contemporary art accessible to a broad audience.

Ruja Press homepage


Valiz is an independent international publisher on contemporary art, theory, critique, design and urban affairs. Our books offer critical reflection, interdisciplinary inspiration, and often establish a connection between cultural disciplines and socio-political questions. We publish these books out of our commitment to their content, to artistic and social issues and to the artists, designers and authors. Apart from publishing Valiz organizes lectures, debates and other cultural projects in which certain topics in contemporary art are explored.


Impossible Library

The Impossible Library is not a library. The Impossible Library is a workshop. The tools of the Impossible Library are an inventory of over 1000 independent magazines and zines. They work with these.

"In a residency program and event series, we investigate the relation between subversive publishing and society: The role of archives in digital capitalism, the formation of publics through people – publications – places, and search for alternative models to entrenched cultures toward niches, gaps, the present, and futures.

We understand publishing as a practice that is explicitly a practice for exchange. The Impossible Library is open weekly to the public as a room for reading, discussing, and working. By collaborating with artists, publishers, visitors, new systems of order emerge from its use."

Impossible Library homepage

Ramsdam books

Ramsdam Books focuses on artists publications in small editions. The books are trying to find a middle ground between artists books and zines; more conceptual than zines but cheaper and more diy than most artists books. The whole production process is executed by the artist and the publisher. Most books are hand made at home using an old laserjet.

Ramsdam books

Art Paper Editions

APE (Art Paper Editions) is an independent publishing platform founded in 2010 by Jurgen Maelfeyt of Ghent-based design studio 6’56” APE focusses on the book as an exhibition space and makes publications in close collaboration with artists, writers, institutions, galleries, and other cultural protagonists. Publications are crafted to the highest standard. Many of our publications are acquired by institutional libraries such as Moma, Centre Pompidou and Macba amongst others.

Art Paper Editions homepage

Verso Books

"Verso Books is the largest independent, radical publishing house in the English-speaking world, publishing one hundred books a year. New Left Books was launched by New Left Review in 1970, and took as its logo the Tatlin Tower—a planned monument to the Third International. Focusing initially on translating works of European political and social theory, economics and philosophy, the list during that decade included Theodor Adorno, Louis Althusser, Walter Benjamin, Lucio Colletti, Henri Lefebvre, Georg Lukács, Ernest Mandel, Herbert Marcuse, Jean-Paul Sartre and Max Weber, as well as major original works by Perry Anderson, Terry Eagleton, Tom Nairn and Raymond Williams. NLB’s list challenged established opinions both in the United States and the Soviet Union, and their respective satellites, as well as providing important critical analyses of China, India and South America. The publishing house was always intended to be far broader in its reach than NLR. An early bestseller was Against Method by Paul Feyeraband.

Verso—the left-hand page—was launched as a paperback imprint at the end of the seventies. Since becoming NLB’s sole imprint, Verso has published landmark books by Tariq Ali, Benedict Anderson, Robin Blackburn, Robert Brenner, Judith Butler, Noam Chomsky, Alexander Cockburn, Mike Davis, Isaac Deutscher, Paul Feyeraband, Norman Finkelstein, David Harvey, Eric Hobsbawm, Fredric Jameson, Edward Said, Rebecca Solnit, Ellen Meiksins Wood, Erik Olin Wright and Slavoj Žižek. New translations have included Jean Baudrillard, Régis Debray, André Gorz, Jürgen Habermas, Rigoberta Menchú, Roberto Schwarz and Paul Virilio.

During the nineties Verso set up an office in New York, and secured its reputation in a number of established and emerging fields. Major advances were made by Giovanni Arrighi and Immanuel Wallerstein in historical sociology, Fredric Jameson and Franco Moretti in cultural and literary theory, Robin Blackburn in the history of slavery, Robert Brenner in economic theory, Roberto Unger in social theory, Peter Gowan and Gopal Balakrishnan in international relations, Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe in political theory, and with David Harvey's rethinking of geography and capital. A new edition of the Communist Manifesto, on the 150th anniversary of its original publication, quickly became a global bestseller. Perry Anderson's essays on world politics, the trajectory of intellectuals, and the decline of Europe—in A Zone of Engagement and English Questions—became important reference points, not just for the Left.

Mike Davis and Michael Sprinker's brilliant Haymarket series led to definitive works on Whiteness studies by David Roediger, Alexander Saxton and Theodore Allen, Latino history and culture by Carlos Munoz and Rodolfo Acuña, Black politics by Manning Marable, feminist analysis by Michele Wallace, US history by Michael Denning and Paul Buhle, labor studies by Kim Moody, and postmodern geography by Edward Soja.

Since 2000, against the backdrop of America’s Long War, Verso has made landmark interventions in international politics, the Middle East, and South America, whilst also establishing a growing list of fiction, biography and memoir titles. Tariq Ali’s The Clash of Fundamentalisms offered a definitive account of the US wars on the Middle East, followed up in Bush in Babylon, and challenged mainstream interpretations of the War on Terror. On the ground reporting from the new war zones has come from Patrick Cockburn and Gideon Levy, while Joshua Phillips has documented the effects of torture on US Army protagonists as well as civilian victims. Emir Sader, Forrest Hylton, Gregory Wilpert, Peter Hallward and Richard Gott have explored the roots of the ‘left turn’ in Central and South America, as well as its global potential.

Shlomo Sand in The Invention of the Jewish People, Norman Finkelstein in The Holocaust Industry, and Avi Shlaim, Arno Mayer and Gabriel Piterberg, have all changed the face of Israeli history. Perry Anderson’s monumental analysis of post-Cold War European history and culture in The New Old World follows his panorama of the intellectual and political field in Spectrum. Mike Davis’ Planet of Slums set out a new field of study, synthesizing development and urban theory in the wake of globalization and the new imperialism. Ellen Wood has moved back in time from The Origin of Capitalism to the groundbreaking social history of political thought in Citizens to Lords. Benedict Anderson has explored the long history of nationalism and anarchism in Under Three Flags, and Sheila Rowbotham has recast the history of feminism in Dreamers of a New Day. Slavoj Žižek reconceptualized apocalypse and revolution in Living in the End Times and In Defense of Lost Causes, Alain Badiou, Jacques Rancière and others have proposed and debated the Communist Hypothesis, and Simon Critchley has explored philosophical anarchism in Infinitely Demanding.

André Schiffrin has bookended the decade with diagnoses and possible cures for the malaise of publishing and other media, in the The Business of Books and Words and Money. New fiction from John Berger, Georges Perec and Wu Ming, alongside diaries and memoirs from José Saramago, Sara Paretsky, Mike Marqusee, Ghada Karmi and Rossana Rossanda, have all crossed and re-crossed the boundaries between culture and politics. Daniel Barenboim reflected on music, politics and life in Music Quickens Time, while Hal Foster, Julian Stallabrass and Chin Tao Wu have deconstructed the art world. Intellectual histories and biographies of Ernest Mandel, Ernest Gellner, Edward Carpenter, Muhammad Ali, and The Eitingons have thrown new light on the twentieth century. As part of this project, Verso is proud to undertake the publication of the complete works of Rosa Luxemburg—one of the most gifted theorists and activists of the early twentieth century, brutally murdered in 1919 by the forebears of German fascism—in collaboration with the Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung and Karl Dietz Verlag.

Verso’s New York office moved over the East River in 2007, and we now have editors in Brooklyn, London and Paris. Present at all major bookfairs, our books are translated into dozens of languages worldwide. With a strong list and radical commitment, all at Verso Books hope that the launch of this new website will strengthen our links with our readers and authors." Jacob Stevens, Managing Director

Verso Books homepage

Roma Publications

Roma Publications is an Amsterdam based art book publisher and design studio, founded in 1998 by graphic designer Roger Willems, and artists Mark Manders and Marc Nagtzaam. It is used as a platform to produce and distribute autonomous publications made in close collaboration with a growing number of artists, institutions, writers and designers. Related to the content, every issue has its own rule of appearance and distribution, varying from house to house papers to exclusive books. The publications so far are in editions between 2 and 150,000 copies. Occasionally, Roma also curates exhibitions.

Roma Publications homepage

Spector Books

Spector’s publishing practice is settled squarely in the intersection of art, theory, and design. Based in Leipzig Germany, our publishing house explores the possibilities offered by an active exchange between all parties involved in the book production process: artists, authors, book designers, lithographers, printers and bookbinders. The book as medium is turned into a stage, a site of encounter for productive exchange. Finding innovative approaches to the medium today calls for a well considered interplay between the content, design, and materiality of a book.

Spector Books homepage


An online directory of independent publishers.Readers & Publishers connects readers to independent publishers. Scroll and explore, search from a growing list of keywords or by city and be introduced to independent publishers across the globe. This project is an extension of the imagination of My Bookcase, a social enterprise that creatively explores the role of the book and its reader in today’s society.

Readers&Publishers homepage


Fw:Books is an independent publisher with a focus on photography and related topics. Photography is a unique medium; it doesn’t have a fixed way of revealing itself. We see the choice to make a book as a choice to make a new work. Fw:Books is a collaboration between Hans Gremmen (designer, editor), Petra Stavast (artist), and Karin Krijgsman (writer, curator). Our publications are distributed by Idea Books.

fw.books homepage

Hardworking Goodlooking

(HWGL) is a publishing and graphic design hauz founded in 2013. HWGL generates, prints, and disseminates cultural publications (most of the time) out of the Philippines. HWGL is interested in decolonization of cultural labor, parlance in the vernacular, and the value of what has been invisible. Their publications on cultural topics are printed in very, very small cottage-industry presses and copy shops in the Philippines. HWGL was incubated as a project of the social practice platform The Office of Culture and Design (2010—2018). HWGL works out of Laguna (PH), Rotterdam (NL), Portland (USA), and Brooklyn (USA).

Hardworking Goodlooking homepage

Artistbook Workshop

From practice for practice."

According to this motto, the Lette-Akademie Berlin gGmbH offers courses and workshops for professional advancement and further education with experienced specialist lecturers. Our offer is open to anyone who is interested - from beginners to professionals - who want to expand their practical skills and/or deepen their theoretical knowledge. We currently offer courses in the fields of photography, graphics, fashion, textiles, teaching and learning coaching as well as general qualifications. We are constantly working on expanding the range of courses. That's why new courses can be found regularly alongside our popular "classics". Both digital and analogue content and skills are valued. Pioneering innovations are valued just as much as traditional craftsmanship. As a rule, after a theoretical introduction, what has been learned is applied and deepened in practical exercises. Lessons are mostly held in small groups in order to enable intensive and individual learning. The courses take place centrally in Berlin, on the premises of the Lette Verein Berlin vocational training center, sometimes in the studios of the lecturers or outdoors. We support further education by recognizing various courses as educational leave and by accepting educational bonus vouchers. The Lette-Akademie Berlin gGmbH was founded in 2015 as the successor organization to the Lette-Akademie Design (since 2010, initiated by André Giogoli). The shareholder is the Clara von Simson-Gesellschaft eV - association for the promotion of training at the Lette-Verein ( CvSG ). We are not subsidized and finance ourselves exclusively through the course fees. All surpluses are given to the CvSG and in turn benefit the training at the Lette-Verein.

ArtistBooks' workshop

Actual Source

Actual Source is an American publisher, brand, and book store that collaborates with contemporary artists and designers, to release limited edition books, fonts, clothing, and objects. Actual Source celebrated 5 years of independent publishing in 2019.

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Temple Paris

Founded in 2013 by independent curators and designers Anna Planas and Pierre Hourquet, Temple ran at first as an experimental gallery space in Paris, presenting a new generation of French and international artists. Temple is now a studio focused on curating exhibitions and designing books related to photography and mixed media, collaborating with a variety of international institutions and artists. Recent projects include the exhibitions "The Hobbyist" at Fotomuseum Winterthur (2017) ; "Blank Paper, Stories of the Immediate Present" at Les Rencontres d’Arles 2017, the exhibition catalogue "Magnum Analog Recovery" (Le Bal, 2017) or the book, "Provoke" (Steidl, 2016).


Ivory Press

Ivorypress was founded in 1996 by Elena Ochoa Foster as a publishing house specialising in artists' books. The project currently encompasses a wide range of areas and activities within the framework of contemporary art, including its own exhibition space and bookshop, art consultancy and art exhibitions curatorship, editorial services, audio-visual productions and education.

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Tender Books

Tenderbooks is a space for independent publishing in Cecil Court, WC2. The bookshop commissions a programme of regular events including signings, performance and installations by contemporary artists working with printed matter in expanded forms. We also curate displays of rare avant-garde print and ephemera. Projects to date have featured works by AA Bronson and General Idea, Aktionsraum, Cory Arcangel, Atelier E.B., Joseph Beuys, Chris Marker, Thurston Moore and Ecstatic Peace Library, Cady Noland, Carolee Schneemann and Stephen Willats. Experimental publications and editions are commissioned through the Tenderbooks Imprint. We also love to work with collectors and institutions to create bespoke libraries. Tenderbooks buys rare publications relating to art and design, especially artist books. Our basement gallery space is occasionally available to hire for exhibitions and events, proposals should be sent to hello (at) Tamsin Clark, Owner & Director Ben Hart, Sales & Events Assistant

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Ivory Press

Backbone Books

Claudia de la Torre founded Berlin-based backbonebooks in 2011 to formalize her own practice and publish other artists’ books. Creating objects, fields, spaces in relation to the book as a highly historical & contemporary medium – backbonebooks performs consistently in a flexible, conceptual and collaborative process, aiming to open a new perspective on what a book can be. Also in charge of "Artistbooks' workshops.

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Dalpine Books

Founded in 2010 in Madrid, Dalpine is a publishing house that encourages collaboration between photographers, artists, designers and editors to produce limited edition books. Dalpine also supports the dissemination of photographic and artistic works through exhibitions.

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Catalog is a serial publication about cataloging, based in Amsterdam and published intermittently since 2016.

Issues of Catalog are available through San Serriffe (Amsterdam), Colorama, Motto (Berlin), Wiels (Brussels), Printed Matter (New York), After 8 Books (Paris), Lugemik (Tallinn). Catalog is a serial publication about cataloging written by Lieven Lahaye and designed by Ott Metusala. This is Catalog issue 19, Shimmer, Slice, Accretion; it’s part of a sub-series on near invisibility. Formally, each publication is an offset-printed A2 sheet folded into a signature. The series will be compiled into a book. This is done in the trust that the presentations, talks and conversations that stem from one issue's publication will influence the next issue. And the next. And the next.

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Idea Books

Founded in 1976, Idea Books is a specialist wholesaler and distributor of the latest books, magazines, exhibition catalogues, and more on architecture, art, photography, design, fashion, and film. Idea Books is global. We connect publishers and cultural institutions with their audiences in many countries, including the Netherlands, Spain, Japan, Korea, Australia, and the United States. Which means we also market books throughout the world: in Europe, North America, Asia, Australasia, and parts of Latin America and Africa. Our customers are bookshops, museum stores, online retailers, and local wholesalers who in turn drive their own regional and national networks. We team up with customers through our global representatives, our stands at major international book fairs – think Frankfurt, London, New York – and via our website and biannual catalogues. From our warehouse headquarters in Amsterdam’s Houthavens we manage our own distribution, outreach, and customer accounts. For the most in-demand titles, we have arrangements with local suppliers in the United States, Australia, and Japan. Idea Books is a B2B company. Are you a publisher or bookseller and curious about what we have to offer? Direct enquiries are welcome, or feel free to contact us through our representatives.

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Bookstores Glossary

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