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Ursula K. Le Guin - THE CARRIER BAG THEORY OF FICTION [1986], in Women of Vision: Essays by Women Writing Science Fiction, ed. Denise Du Pont, New York: St Martin's Press, 1988 also and

Supporting texts:

Ursula K Le Guin - 'A Rant About Technology'

Ursula K. Le Guin - 'The Author of the Acacia Seeds' . A story about ant literacy. The text written by a group of ants is analysed by linguists of the future.

Donna Haraway’s introduction to Ursula K. Le Guin’s TCBToF (Terra Ignota 2019);

Background -

Elizabeth Fisher, Woman's Creation: Sexual Evolution and the Shaping of Society; ( 1975) Fisher coined the term ‘carrier bag theory of human evolution’- it is derived from the discipline of anthropology. Haraway based a feminist reading of hominid social interaction on this theory.

D. Smith: Cooperation and the evolution of hunter-gatherer storytelling: Smith, D; Schlaepfer, P; Major, K; Dyble, M; Page, AE; Thompson, J; Chaudhary, N; 2017. Another text which

Peter Kropotkin. Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution (1902) collection of anthropological essays by Russian naturalist and anarchist philosopher Peter Kropotkin. He posits that evolution is only possible through cooperation. Kropopkin refutes the notion common in 19th century evolutionary theory and theories of social evolution that adaptation depend on 'the survival of the fittest. To survive, Kropotkin argues, animals of the same species must cooporate. Later it was argued that in ecological systems mutual aid is essential to survival (mycelium and root systems for inst')]