ControllerWiki

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animated-joystick-image-0008.gif graphics-joystick-960933.gif

About

A place to collect info on how to connect game controllers/joysticks to computer games.

giphy.gif This page is more of a technical how-to guide. As it is a wiki, feel free to edit it.

Types of Controllers

Joysticks

https://www.kiwi-electronics.nl/snes-type-usb-gamepad-controller you can also make your own, you can do that with PIC, AVR, there are probably lots of resource to make your own DIY USB-HID device. It will cost you more of course, as these cheap USB console pad clones are mass-produced. But you could source your own sanwa or seimitsu stick and buttons if you wanted to make your own arcade-like controller for instance.

SEIMITSU STICK stick-seimitsu-boule.jpg
SANWA STICK js01_11.jpg


Modding existing input devices or making your own

When it comes to using/making your own controllers there are different approaches:

  • repurpose a keyboard (USB or PS/2), take apart the PCB and use the key connections as triggers that can be connected to any hardware you like (your software/code just has to be mapped correctly to read the good keycode, you can make absurdly advanced interfaces give the number of keys at your disposal).
  • repurpose the PCB of a cheap USB joypad, you basically get a small PCB and a USB HUD chip, and it's up to you to whatever you want with it. These cheap USB pads often comes with analogue sticks, so you get fine grained input controllers
  • joycon/wiimote: always fun for spatial/motions sensors and vibration feedback. There are plethora drivers that will allow you to connect/use them from the OS, python, Pure Data, etc. (spoiler: it's just bluetooth really)
  • you can also work with existing universal controllers chipsets meant to repurpose a format stick/pad into a universal one, see MC Cthulhu for more info. There are also probably arduino equivalent project. A common trick for the plugs is then to use RJ-45 as universal cable plug for such modified pads/sticks.
  • Further down the spiral you could also design a whole arcade grade stick by sourcing Sanwa/Seimitsu parts (ie buttons, and stick) yourself, and connect these to whatever board you're using, regardless if it's a hacked keyboard or a universal chipset. The Shoryuken forums a re a good place to get help/inspiration for that
  • PIC and AVR chips can be used to work as controller chips for USB-HID, usually FLOSS/PD firmware and DIY PCB layouts can be found easily
  • generally *any* USB HID or BT input gadget you can think of, could be repurpose in an interesting controller (trackballs, analogue or optical mouse, cheap tablets, etc)

Tutorials

Arduino

https://www.instructables.com/Arduino-NES/