Basic Electronics And Microcontrollers/Component Hierarchy

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Here is a hierarchical listing of electronic components, with brief descriptions

Passive components

Resistive components

Resistors

Carbon-film resistors

Fixed resistor
Potentiometer
Trimmer

Metal-film resistors

Fixed resistor

Wire-wound resistors

Fixed resistor
Potentiometer

Resistive Sensors

Temperature-sensors

Negative Temperature Coefficient resistor (NTC)
Positive Temperature Coefficient resistor (PTC)
Platinum-film resistor (PT100)

Light-dependent resistor (LDR)

Resistive pressure or force sensor

Other Resistive Components

Incandescent lamp
Heating-element
Metal-Oxide Varistor (MOV)

Reactive components

Capacitors

Electrolytic (polarized) capacitor
Ceramic capacitor
Film capacitor
Mica capacitor
Trimmer

Piezo-Electric Elements

Inductors

Inductor
Transformer

Active components

Diodes

Rectifier diode
Schottky diode
Tunnel diode
Zener diode
Transient absorption diode (Transzorb)
Light-emitting diode (LED)
Photodiode
Solar-cell

Transistors

Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJT)

NPN transistor
PNP transistor

Unijunction Transistors (UJT)

Field-Effect Transistors (FET)

Junction-FETs (JFET)

N-channel
P-channel

Metal Oxide Semiconductor FET (MOSFET)

Enhancement-mode
N-channel
P-channel
Depletion-mode
N-channel
P-channel
Depletion-Enhancement-mode
N-channel
P-channel

Thyristors

Silicon Controlled Rectifier (SCR)
Triac

Others

Peltier-element