User:Andre Castro/research/1.2/notesCopy

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  • copy control
  • digital cultural products - copying and distribution and core features
  • (copy as the current main mode of cultural production (rather than producing, recombining) ) - echoes: 'The Work of Art in the Age of Digital Recombination' in Digital Material
  • Modern media as a product of the culture of copy
  • Cinema - about mechanical reproduction - causes mass distribution; contrasting with literature and painting
  • copy - extends to computers

  • copy (verb) - as part of file-management
  • copy/paste - a cultural and aesthetic principal - a key mode of becoming-object of digital culture easily distributed packages of cultural memory

Copy control

  • contemporary forms of copying are tied to the consumer marked
  • by controlling copying cultural production is also controlled
    • therefore the attempt from media companies to control of copying process

copy as main mode of cultural production

  • Manovich: 'instead of assembling more media recordings of reality, culture is now busy reworking, recombining, and analyzing already accumulated material'

Archive: a key node in the cultural politics of digital culture

  • having the rights over an archive gives the owner:
    • the right to copying (as a source of production)
    • the right to the copy (as an object of commercial distribution)

Digital copies and control

  • digital copy:
    • easier than mechanical
    • tracking and control possibility
  • tracking and control can limit the digital copying possibilities
    • copy management systems and digital rights managements techniques endow data with inherit control systems
    • [digital copies can become less exchangeable than physical copies]

copy - entwined with the communication and networked culture

"The act of copying includes in a virtual sphere the idea of the copy being shared and distributed"

  • copies make only sense if distributed

"Copying is not merely reproducing the same as discrete objects, but coding cultural products into discrete data and communicating such coded copies across networks: seeding and culturing"

[ digital copies are meant to occupy, to live in a networked culture, without it they loose their sense, they stop being a digital object. So by controlling the flow of digital(copies)objects media companies deny the digital natural of these products, and turn them into something as or more difficult to distribute as a vinyl record]