From XPUB & Lens-Based wiki


inner law of things, the hidden netwokr that determines how they confront eachother and which has no existence exept in the grid created by a glance, an examination, a language

and its only in the blank spaces of the grid that order waits in silence for its moment of manifestation


the nature of things, their coexistence is a resemblance

"the space where one speaks and the space where one looks..fold one over the other as though they were equivalents"

order= the relationship between things, code, the fundamental codes of culture-> empirical orders , ordering codes and reflections on order itself.

LAS MENINAS and resemblance

16th century , language is not an arbitrary system. Hermeneutics. To search for a meaning is to bring into light a resemblance. From 17th century questions around how the sign connects to the signified.


Taxonomic ordering of complex natures.

DON QUIXOTE, thought and culture, from resemblance to representation, passed from resembling (drawing things together) to discriminating (constructing identity) LANGUAGE ANALYZES REPRESENTATION UNDER A SUCCESSIVE ORDER, it cannot represent thought, it fixes it in a "linear order", according to laws of GENERAL GRAMMAR (study of verbal order). language is the representation of words, nature of beings, need of needs. With the "decline of representation" the language gets emancipated of the living being.

How knowledge is constructed. "to know is to discriminate"


“What came surreptitiously into being between the age of the theatre and that of the 'CATALOGUE' was not the desire for knowledge, but a new way of connecting things both to the eye and to discourse. A new way of making history

natural history is a theory of words not of a philosophy of life, as in the classical period

signs where part of things themselves, 17th cent. become modes of representation

by limiting and filtering the visible, structure enables it to be transcribed in language

wealth= a system of signs, constructed modified and multiplied by men