Rejection letters

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rejection letters

rejection glossary etymology

      • Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the theorized common ancestor of the Indo-European language family.***


1) Vernacular, native. (L.) From L. uernficul-us, adj., native; lit. belonging to a home-born slave. L. uerna, a home-bom slave. Lit. 'dweller;' cf. Skt. vast to dwell, (yWES.) Brugm. ii.

2) c. 1600, "native to a country," from Latin vernaculus "domestic, native, indigenous; pertaining to home-born slaves," from verna "home-born slave, native," a word of Etruscan origin. Used in English in the sense of Latin

vernacula vocabula, in reference to language. As a noun, "native speech or language of a place," from 1706.

Of or pertaining to everyday language, as opposed to standard, literary, liturgical, or scientific idiom. quotations Synonyms: common, everyday, indigenous, ordinary, vulgar, colloquial

Belonging to the country of one's birth; one's own by birth or nature.

Synonyms: native, indigenous: a vernacular disease

3. (architecture) Of or related to local building materials and styles; not imported. Synonym: folk

4.(art) Connected to a collective memory; not imported.


reject (v.)

early 15c., rejecten, "eject, set aside, block from inheritance;" late 15c., "refuse to acquiesce or submit to," from Old French rejecter and directly from Latin reiectus, past participle of reiectare "throw away, cast away,

vomit," frequentative of reicere "to throw back," from re- "back" (see re-) + -icere, combining form of iacere "to throw" (from PIE root *ye- "to throw, impel").

The meaning "throw away as undesirable or useless, refuse to take for some purpose" is by 1530s. From 1560s as "to repel or rebuff (someone who makes advances of any kind)," especially of a woman refusing a man as a lover or

husband (1580s). The sense of "refuse (something offered)" is by 1660s. The medical sense of "show immune response to a transplanted organ" is from 1953. Related: Rejected; rejecting.

reject (n.)

mid-15c., "refusal, denial;" 1550s, "a castaway" (both now obsolete), from reject (v.) or obsolete reject (adj.). The sense of "thing cast aside as unsatisfactory" (1893) probably is a fresh extension. Hence "person considered

low-quality and worthless" (1925, from use in the militaries in reference to men unsuitable for service).

rejection (n.)

"act of throwing off or away; refusal to accept or grant," 1550s, from French réjection (16c.) or directly from Latin reiectionem (nominative reiectio) "act of throwing back," noun of action from past-participle stem of reicere

(see reject (v.)).

In 19c., it also could mean "excrement." An earlier use was "setting aside of a wife, divorce" (mid-15c.). Medical transplant sense is from 1954. In the psychological sense, relating to parenting, from 1931.



word-forming element meaning "back, back from, back to the original place;" also "again, anew, once more," also conveying the notion of "undoing" or "backward," etc. (see sense evolution below), c. 1200, from Old French re- and

directly from Latin re- an inseparable prefix meaning "again; back; anew, against."

  • yē-, Proto-Indo-European root meaning "to throw, impel."

fractal (n.)

"never-ending pattern," 1975, from French fractal, ultimately from Latin fractus "interrupted, irregular," literally "broken," past participle of frangere "to break" (from PIE root *bhreg- "to break"). Coined by French

mathematician Benoit Mandelbrot (1924-2010) in "Les Objets Fractals."

  • bhreg-

Proto-Indo-European root meaning "to break."

spectrum (n.)

1610s, "apparition, specter," from Latin spectrum (plural spectra) "an appearance, image, apparition, specter," from specere "to look at, view" (from PIE root *spek- "to observe"). Meaning "visible band showing the successive

colors, formed from a beam of light passed through a prism" first recorded 1670s. Figurative sense of "entire range (of something)" is from 1936.

  • spek-

Proto-Indo-European root meaning "to observe."

exclusion (n.)

"act of shutting out; non-inclusion," c. 1400, exclusioun, from Latin exclusionem (nominative exclusio) "a shutting out," noun of action from past-participle stem of excludere "keep out, shut out," from ex "out" (see ex-) +

claudere "to close, shut" (see close (v.)).



word-forming element, in English meaning usually "out of, from," but also "upwards, completely, deprive of, without," and "former;" from Latin ex "out of, from within; from which time, since; according to; in regard to,"

close (v.)

(klōz), c. 1200, "to shut, cover in," from Old French clos- (past participle stem of clore "to shut, to cut off from"), 12c., from Latin clausus, past participle of claudere "to shut, close; to block up, make inaccessible; put an

end to; shut in, enclose, confine" (always -clusus, -cludere in compounds)

violence (n.)

late 13c., "physical force used to inflict injury or damage," from Anglo-French and Old French violence (13c.), from Latin violentia "vehemence, impetuosity," from violentus "vehement, forcible," probably related to violare (see

violation). Weakened sense of "improper treatment" is attested from 1590s.

oppression (n.)

mid-14c., oppressioun, "cruel or unjust use of power or authority," from Old French opression (12c.), from Latin oppressionem (nominative oppressio) "a pressing down; violence, oppression," noun of action from past-participle stem

of opprimere "press against, press together, press down;" figuratively "crush, put down, subdue, prosecute relentlessly" (in Late Latin "to rape"), from assimilated form of ob"against" (see ob-) + premere "to press, hold fast,

cover, crowd, compress" (from PIE root *per- (4) "to strike").

Meaning "action of weighing on someone's mind or spirits" is from late 14c. Sense of "whatever oppresses or causes hardship" is from late 14c. In Middle English also "rape."

misunderstand (v.)

"understand amiss, attach a false meaning to; fail to understand," c. 1200, misunderstonde, from mis- (1) "badly, wrongly" + understand.

binary (adj.)

"dual, twofold, double," mid-15c., from Late Latin binarius "consisting of two," from bini "twofold, two apiece, two-by-two" (used especially of matched things), from bis "double" (from PIE root *dwo- "two"). Binary code in

computer terminology was in use by 1952, though the idea itself is ancient. Binary star in astronomy is from 1802.

ignorance (n.)

c. 1200, "lack of wisdom or knowledge," from Old French ignorance (12c.), from Latin ignorantia "want of knowledge" (see ignorant). Ignoration (1832) has been used in the sense "act of ignoring."

empowerment (n.)

1814, from empower + -ment.


"to give power or authority to," 1650s, also impower, from assimilated form of en- (1) + power (n.). Used by Milton, Beaumont, Pope, Jefferson, Macaulay, but the modern popularity dates from 1986. Related: Empowered; empowering.
power (n.)

c. 1300, pouer, "ability; ability to act or do; strength, vigor, might," especially in battle; "efficacy; control, mastery, lordship, dominion, ability or right to command or control; legal power or authority; authorization;

military force, an army," from Anglo-French pouair, Old French povoir, noun use of the infinitive, "to be able," earlier podir (9c.), from Vulgar Latin *potere (source also of Spanish poder, Italian potere), from Latin potis

"powerful" (from PIE root *poti- "powerful; lord").

Meaning "one who has power, person in authority or exercising great influence in a community" is late 14c. Meaning "a specific ability or capacity" is from early 15c. In mechanics, "that with which work can be done," by 1727.

Sense of "property of an inanimate thing or agency of modifying other things" is by 1590s. Meaning "a state or nation with regard to international authority or influence" [OED] is from 1726. Meaning "energy available for work is

from 1727. Sense of "electrical supply" is from 1896.

architectural rejection

what is vernacular architecture? "Vernacular architecture can be defined as a type of local or regional construction, using traditional materials and resources from the area where the building is located. Consequently, this architecture is closely related to its context and is aware of the specific geographic features and cultural aspects of its surroundings, being strongly influenced by them. For this reason, they are unique to different places in the world, becoming even a means of reaffirming an identity." ---> shouldn't all architecture be vernacular? in the sense of based on its surroundings, the cultural aspects, the people, the environment?

dark design // hostile architecture

what is dark design?

dark design is the deliberate shaping and design of urban spaces and artefacts with the intention of excluding particular activities and vulnerable social groups: urban spaces rejecting soft bodies Hostile architecture is an urban-design strategy that uses elements of the built environment to purposefully guide or restrict behaviour.

--> The complex relationship between laws prohibiting people to gather and make shelter is together with the concrete artefacts of dark design working to create an atmosphere of rejection.

society rejects drug-addicted/homeless/etc../pigeouns therefore how people would design their own? how an homeless would make his own house in the city? this is vernacular patras afghan self settled camp/

+ blind people/ disabled people/

"Proponents say this type of urban design is necessary to help maintain order, ensure safety and curb unwanted behavior such as loitering, sleeping or skateboarding." --> Design products made specifically to exclude, harm or otherwise hinder the freedom of a human being.

the power of a bench THE POWER OF A BENCH: "A park bench allows for a sense of solitude and community at the same time, a simultaneity that’s crucial to life in a great city. Maybe that’s the greatest power of the park bench: its capacity to retain and encourage the art of observation. A good bench catches us in our quietest, most vulnerable moments, when we may be open to imagining new narratives and revisiting old ones. Our masks are taken off, hung from the bench’s wrought iron. On other nearby benches, babies are being burped. Glances exchanged. Sandwiches eaten. Newspapers perused." --> If a park bench is not being removed, the backup plan is often to make it uncomfortable. “Hostile architecture” — an urban design strategy intended to impede “antisocial” behavior — is proliferating all over the world. ---> rejection of social behaviour/of people/o

design your own city "One thing that is guaranteed to make people feel negative about living in a city is a constant sense of being lost or disorientated" "A visible manifestation of this are the “desire lines” that wend their way across grassy curbs and parks marking people’s preferred paths across the city. They represent a kind of mass rebellion against the prescribed routes of architects and planners. Dalton sees them as part of a city’s “distributed consciousness” – a shared knowledge of where others have been and where they might go in the future – and imagines how it might affect our behaviour if desire lines (or “social trails” as she calls them) could be generated digitally on pavements and streets." --> disorientation/ "Vernacular architecture can be defined as a type of local or regional construction, using traditional materials and resources from the area where the building is located. Consequently, this architecture is closely related to its context and is aware of the specific geographic features and cultural aspects of its surroundings, being strongly influenced by them. For this reason, they are unique to different places in the world, becoming even a means of reaffirming an identity." ---> shouldn't all architecture be vernacular? in the sense of based on its surroundings, the cultural aspects, the people, the environment?

drawing rotterdam ----> can we ask all the people in the studio to make a map of Rotterdam? why don't we organise evreything on subjetive point of view? (heartdrawn)

what is wayfinding?

The basic process of wayfinding involves four stages: Orientation is the attempt to determine one's location, in relation to objects that may be nearby and the desired destination. Route decision is the selection of a course of direction to the destination. Route monitoring is checking to make sure that the selected route is heading towards the destination. Destination recognition is when the destination is recognized

place identity

has been described as the individual's incorporation of place into the larger concept of self; a "potpourri of memories, conceptions, interpretations, ideas, and related feelings about specific physical settings, as well as types of settings". Methodologies for understanding place identity primarily involve qualitative techniques, such as interviewing, participant observation, discourse analysis and mapping a range of physical elements


speech in public spaces, how languages signs that navigate people around cities/areas square with a huge stone "the oratory stone" and give speeches there language that give directions, limitations, nazi regime/ sound technology in crowd control // use of technoki // first political spread the word, distribute silent propaganda architecture shape your life radio (take care of each other // softness of the voice // is not explicit, alexa/siri, voice of a caucasian woman

speech to text // text to speech // it will always go through text // language in the city // typography in the city ///