User:Karina/capturing memories in time

From XPUB & Lens-Based wiki

Capturing Memories In Time also used as Thesis Page

previous work that relates:
Psychology of Time
Time Perception in Dance

30 OCT

Vox: Why this awful sounding album is a masterpiece

I love the explanations and supporting visuals to Vox's Earworm podcast by Estelle Caswell. I've added her videos numerous times on this wiki page. All 6 videos available here

Here is another that I missed:
Vox: How a recording studio mishap shaped ’80s music

how to transcribe this video?
try voice to text technique using Google Docs

Feedback from Andre
dance as a system
constants, patterns

mathematical / scientific
formula behind pop songs / jazz songs
generative music, computer write sonata

David Burn (Bob Wilson - Dirty Dozen Brass Band)
Vox relation

notation is not the work, it's the blueprint / a score
Florian - context?

what separates dance and music with resource of score?
music has a way of transmitting score. score is accepted in music, but not in dance - why?

what is this important to you?
look at practitioners that look at memory
search on jstor key terms: dance & memory

Steve Paxton & Trisha Brown
'Material for the Spine'

main problem: not approaching the matter in a way I could deal with

  • SongSim looks only at one element (lyrics)
  • easy to encapsulate structure
  • macro view

can you quantify dance by anything?

write / express BPM differently - shorter distances between lines, show faster BPM
make own notations on Labanotation

Special Issue 02 performance was a two part outcome

  1. a (graphical) documenting tool that I could personally use in the future
  2. playful, slightly educational, interactive experience for the audience

this frame could be used for the graduation project too

generative systems
squared paper - each square a second

"basing on this, this and that factor, found these variables, time is constant"
WSA - looked at language of time to measure / quantify it

Johanna Drucker - Graphesis
pervious event in NY (Sept 2017)

29 OCT

I want the audience to decode a transcribed dance language (notation)
Figure it out by doing?
Mix and matching layers

Measuring time, time perception
Measuring dance
Dance perception

Decoding the language of dance
Need to describe it to document it
Different ways to describe dance (onomatopoeias, rhythm, scatting, graphical notation, BPM)

What was Laban's aim, drive, purpose?

Impossible to fully archive experience?
I suggest tackling this by making a coding system to capture an intangible object / experience / dance

My frustration? Video is actually a shitty medium to capture dance (an experience).
Aim: propose a new system / method / medium. Hopefully can be used for more experiences than just dance

Language has a key (alphabet) and is spread through word of mouth, contact with people.
The medium to archive it / preserve it (apart from word of mouth) are audio (recordings, songs, radio), visual (books, posters) and audio-visual (plays, films, tv)

How did some languages survive when suppressed during history / wars? Why did some die out? How are they being decoded?

26 OCT

Look for podcasts here

"SON[I]A aims to be an alternative way to receive the information produced during Museum activities; audio information brought to us by characters who take part in activities in and around the MACBA."

Feedback from Marloes and Steve

  • 1-2 lines for research question
  • if describe practise, what is it about?
  • think about reader

25 OCT

why I am so keen on documenting / capturing dance?

previously thought about project to capture the relationship between Sean and I (the urgency was in capturing us before it was too late, before we split ways and before my memory fades) - sadly our splitting came faster than expected

yet I am still focused on notation, memory, the brain, archiving, capturing an experience
what makes it so urgent, so personal?

could it be anything, subconsciously, related to my MS? I do have a fear of losing my ability to dance, of losing my memory (again), of forgetting the memories I am forming now with my new ‘dance family’

I don’t want yet another project related to my health (Mind as a Dossier and Epilepic) in my portfolio. I don’t want to be that designer / creative that always falls back on this topic, possibly showing myself as a victim to pity over. The previous 2 were uplifting, educational, eye-opening, helpful.. but do I really want that to be my thing?

small project idea:
play around with light sensitive material that makes text vanish with time
text can be read for a few seconds after contact with light, then disappears
in order to keep the content of the book documented, photos on the phone should be taken? - will that work? isn’t that more light?
comparison to memory. the book is the knowledge that you have a memory, the content is the memory itself
e.g. “I remember eating dinner last night, but I can’t remember what it was”

Look back at previous texts, The Psychology Of Time Synopsis and Time Perspectives and Cultural Diversity, which look into Philip Zimbardo's time perception. I’d consider myself future TP, always planning ahead, excited about future, sometimes worried

  • Past TP - focused on positives
  • Past TP - focused on negative
  • Present TP - hedonism (focus on joys of life)
  • Present TP - fatalism (doesn't matter, life is controlled)
  • Future TP - life goal oriented
  • Future TP - transcendental (life begins after death or the mortal body)

Anna's feedback (summary from recorded conversation)

  • don’t worry about it
  • nothing to worry about, reasoning behind the start of the project (why I am doing it?) is not evident in work that is presented
  • great to have personal starting point, personal things make great things
  • everything you're going to do is going to be some representation of yourself, one way or another
  • base of project can be health, go off of it, represent it so it's not read as "poor me, I'm sick"
  • talk about archiving dance in a more generalised sense, say what you find interesting

The full conversation will be transcribed from audio soon. Here is a snippet that followed:

A: have you tried to discover what would be the best way to gather this experience into one medium, or do you have to have multiple mediums?
K: that's when I started looking into realities, and mixable realities, because if you just focus on one, the more you put data, the more you can express an experience.. although, as a viewer you will never have my experience, you will have your experience. Maybe if you've been to Crete before, then you could re-see what I saw. So you will never manage to get to a point where we can fully have the same experience.
A: Because that's also based on previous experiences
K: So it becomes a bias for sure

23 OCT

Feedback from Aymeric

pick one topic
one is not going to be better than the other
what do you really want to dive into?
make it concrete

  1. notation - non-universal / language specific
  2. mixable realities - experiencing the intangible
  3. subculture - transmission of knowledge
  4. archive - usefulness, temporary, making things public

how would you share / present this?
why interesting? in any other field?

  1. documentation - graphical / video / notebook
  2. special awareness - bird's eye view
  3. time / speed / rhythm - structured 8-count / free-flow scatting

sharing in community

Literate programming by Donald Knuth

interest into education: what's the best way to communicate?
normalise / universal method is questionable
again universal method
subtle / diverse, people are perceiving knowledge differently

thesis structure doesn't need to be scientific
experiments / content / tools / methods as text, not appendices
thesis is distant reflexion

diversity in methods

  1. topic
  2. applied to dance
  3. what's the urgency to look into this topic? - reflect
  • cultural diversity (preserve, not normalise world)
  • pragmatic (interesting because truth in diversity in education. look into history of educational methods)
  1. find manner to show collected material

22 OCT

Facebook: Living In The Moment by Jason Silva

11 OCT

Experiment idea:
learn new Lindy steps with a friend using YouTube videos created by own dance school

10 OCT

YouTube: Brain Coupling by Jason Silva


Feedback from Andre

  • start small approaches / tests / prototypes / experiments
  • explore small themes continuously
  • have 3-4 weeks to experiment
  • then have 3-4 weeks to reflect on annotation from afar, to narrow down question

  • what project could you do in 1 week?
  • own note: don't want experiments just conducted by me, it'll be subjective / I know what outcome I want
  • how do you represent your outcome? vector image / gif / sound file / sound image

use 3D glasses analogy - experience vs. data
difference in perception

Monoskop: Listening to Noise and Silence: Towards a Philosophy of Sound Art by Salomé Voegelin
sound is fleeting, not attainable
even static image is fleeting / an illusion

Cartographics: a site-specific audio-choreography by Petra Sabisch
strong effects with simple means: headphones; rooftop; mirror(?)
YouTube: Alter Bahnhof Video Walk

wikipedia: Conway's Game of Life
make choreographic description, then perform it

to do:

  • make one experiment during holiday
  • document it in blog / video / graphic notation
  • add woman from movement workshop last year onto 'who could help you' list


Psychology of dance

Dancehub: 5 Interesting Psychological Studies Involving Dancing
(not great source, but has many links to studies related to topic)

  1. Dancing Improves Your Brain
  2. Mental Practice Can Lead To Improved Dancing
  3. The Evolution Of Human Dance May Have Been A Mistake
  4. Dancers Can Learn Routines In Different Ways
  5. Girls Under Age 16 Have The Most Dancing Confidence

1. Dancing Improves Your Brain Psychology Today: Why Is Dancing So Good for Your Brain?
more references / cited studies about how dancing can improve the brain

2. Mental Practice Can Lead To Improved Dancing
University of California Santa Clara Cruz: UCSC dance research published in prestigious Psychology Science journal

3. The Evolution Of Human Dance May Have Been A Mistake
American Psychological Association: Dance, dance evolution
not many animals have close connections between auditory and motor skills
"Psychologists’ research on the power of movement is giving us insight into why we first danced and how cultures built on that ancient impulse."

4. Dancers Can Learn Routines In Different Ways
Duke Chronicle: Research investigates the science behind dance

5. Girls Under Age 16 Have The Most Dancing Confidence (not related?)
The Guardian: Why do people dance?


Springer: Thinking in action: thought made visible in contemporary dance by Catherine Stevens and Shirley McKechnie

Buy entire journal for EUR 42.29
or find through HR mediatheek
download links here
link to downloaded file

Contemporary dance—movement deliberately and systematically cultivated for its own sake—is examined in the light of the procedural and declarative view of long-term knowledge. We begin with a description of two settings in which new works of contemporary dance are created and performed. Although non-verbal, contemporary dance can be a language declared through movement and stillness of the body. Ideas for new movement material come from objects, events or imaginings that are spoken, seen, heard, imagined, or felt. Declared through movement, the idea becomes visible. Communication in dance involves general psychological processes such as direct visual perception of motion and force, motor simulation via mirror neurons, and implicit learning of movement vocabularies and grammars. Creating and performing dance appear to involve both procedural and declarative knowledge. The latter includes the role of episodic memory in performance and occasional labelling of movement phrases and sections in rehearsal. Procedural knowledge in dance is augmented by expressive nuance, feeling and communicative intent that is not characteristic of other movement-based procedural tasks. Having delineated lexical and grammatical components in dance, neural mechanisms are identified based on Ullman’s (Ullman in Cognition 92:231–270, 2004) alignment of lexical knowledge with declarative memory and mental grammar with procedural memory. We conclude with suggestions for experiments to test these assumptions that concern thought in action in composition, performance and appreciation of contemporary dance.
check out their 60+ references

reference if want to add to own bibliography
Stevens, Catherine; McKechnie, Shirley (2005). "Thinking in action: Thought made visible in contemporary dance". Cognitive Processing. 6 (4): 243–252. doi:10.1007/s10339-005-0014-x.

Jstor: A Nonverbal Language for Imagining and Learning: Dance Education in K-12 Curriculum by Judith Lynne Hanna


ABC Radio: Songlines: the Indigenous memory code
Japing Aboriginal Art: Why Songlines Are Important In Aboriginal Art
Amazon: Computer Power and Human Reason: From Judgment to Calculation by Joseph Weizenbaum (1976)


look into: scatting as a measurement of time in dance

  • it gives more possibilities (to distinguish the 4-'a'-5 counts)
  • look into history, how / why / when it originated - Harlem late 1920s?
  • learn to scat? what is important that may not seem obvious?


Human Memory: Sensory Memory

  • Sensory memory is the shortest-term element of memory
  • Unlike other types of memory, the sensory memory cannot be prolonged via rehearsal
  • decays or degrades very quickly, typically in the region of 200 - 500 milliseconds (1/5 - 1/2 second)
  • visual stimuli is sometimes known as the iconic memory
  • aural stimuli is known as the echoic memory
  • touch as the haptic memory
  • smell processed in olfactory bulb and olfactory cortex
  • smell is strongest as olfactory bulb and olfactory cortex are nearest to the hippocampus

Meeting with Steve
Before starting PZI I was planning to look into digital publishing, interactive PDFs, change in technology and publishing, print vs digital. My thesis would have probably been an analysis of a section of publishing.
At the moment I feel that would be too simple. I'm more interested in creating something I might not get a chance to in the future: a large-scale installation / experience. This would not use a traditional publishing method as a means of communicating my research.
Do I stick to a topic that interests me and use publishing as a means, rather than analyse publishing itself?

  • dance notation is a form of communication / publishing
  • experiments as research method
  • look at Victor's (fine art) thesis - diagrams
  • editorial: how will yo present experiments (event? publication?)
  • discrete things & how they come together?
  • my practise addresses this, this and that
  • these things create chapters, which allow for development
  • literacy / non-verbal communication
  • Sean v.s. new dance partners
  • being a good lead or follow. listening communicating signs / signals. communicating by touch
  • notation as a means of instruction
  • aim: what am I doing? what do I want to make out of it?

Next steps:

  • look through previous experiments
  • where will they take me? what experiment will flow next? don't stress, it'll flow
    • experiment 1: time perception
    • experiment 2: rhythm and notation
    • experiment 3: flow
    • experiment 4: memory and senses?
    • experiment 5: archive?


Memories are stored in different senses.
We see, hear, smell things that remind us of things. Smell is able to bring very powerful flashbacks.
Can a movement reminds us of something / anything?


  • Het Danspaleis
  • dr Mol / dr Donselaar (Maasstad)
  • dr Bert Aldenkamp (Kempenhaeghe)
  • therapists?
  • bravo europoort - psychiatry specialists / memory tests


Quartz: “Reclaiming my time”: Strategies from a scholar of chronemics, the study of time


Tech Insider: (video posted on Facebook)

Research Gate: Dance Teaching by a Robot: Combining Cognitive and Physical Human–Robot Interaction for Supporting the Skill Learning Process by Diego Felipe Paez Granados

New Scientist: Waltzing robot teaches beginners how to dance like a pro



Lomography: Stereo Photography: An Interview with Brian May


Quartz: New research identifies a simple technique for de-cluttering without heartache

"As part of their initial research, (Rebecca Walker) Reczek and her team asked people for ideas of how to preserve memories of physical items. While some suggested scrapbooking or writing journal entries or notes about the items, the overwhelming response was to take photos, which informed their subsequent research. Reczek says she initially expected more elaborate or innovative ideas, but understood that photos are intuitive. “We’re so used to using digital photography, we keep our lives in our phones,” she says. “A lot of time your phone is your memory keeper.”


IFLScience: Being Forgetful May Mean Your Brain Is Actually Working Properly


YouTube: How I memorized an entire chapter from “Moby Dick”


Vimeo: Glow by Jonah Haber
How to recover all your embarrassing Myspace photos


Frame: Andreas Neumann alternative photos / movies


YouTube: Ditch the Label
Lomography: Refugees Document Life with Disposable Cameras


YouTube: America's Got Talent - Mandy Harvey


Vox: Why people never smiled in old photos

(1:08) "To understand the real reason old pictures were so serious, you have to understand what portraits meant to people back then. Remember, before there were photos, portraits were painted. They were time- consuming, long-lasting and one of a kind. That scarcity made the occasion pretty serious and that mentality carried over to early photographs."

"Mark Twain, a professional humorist, said near the turn of the 20th century that “there is nothing more dating to go down to posterity than a silly, foolish smile caught and fixed forever”. This is a guy who wrote stories about jumping frogs. But his view point was typical."

"Take for example the oddly popular practise of posing dead bodies for life-like portraits (postmortem photography). The photos weren’t a snapshot, they were a passage to immortality, a record of one’s existence. By looking at the exceptions it’s easier to understand why most portraits were so grim. There were lots of smiling Victorians hiding in photo collections around the world. As early as 1853 Mary Dillwyn captured a boy (William Mansel Llewelyn - nephew) smile on camera. Victorians were not constantly miserable, they just usually got serious when they though a portraits was being taken."

"As cameras became more common and photography improved, aesthetics changed and smiles returned. Later movies expanded the possibilities of recording real life. Portraiture broke free from the technology and aesthetics of painting. They discovered the possibilities of a new medium."

31 MAY

Vox: How obsessive artists colorize old photos

Vox: What happens when you bring meditation to public schools

Quartz: To succeed creatively, try getting better at improvisation

"The bad improviser makes moves that are maladaptive. And the single greatest predictor of quality improv is simply experience. But there’s nothing simple about experience. A great jazz improviser such as Miles Davis had thousands of hours of practice and problem-solving underneath every one of his improvisational flights. This kind of experience makes good improv highly intuitive in a biological sense, not a mystical sense. It taps into the subtle systems of animal awareness, mostly unconscious, that we all possess, such as body-awareness (proprioception), personal space (proxemics), and arousal states such as fight or flight. Muscle memory is loaded with this kind of intuitive wisdom."

"Failing is a major aspect of improvisation. Failure is the thing we learn from, so it’s the cornerstone of productive experience. Aristotle described improvisational decision-making as ‘practical reason’, distinct from rule-following logic. He says that young people can become experts in geometry, maths and similar branches of knowledge, but we don’t usually consider a young person to have good improvisational skills. ‘The reason is that [practical reason] includes a knowledge of particular facts, and this is derived from experience, which a young person does not possess; for experience is the fruit of years.’ I think we’ve all known enough young talent to doubt his generalisation about age, but his wider point about experience is correct. And there’s something especially impressive about the deeply experienced improviser, whether conducting a symphony, performing surgery or teaching in a kindergarten."

24 MAY

Vox: How tap dancing was made in America

Nishika N8000

  • April 1989

Lomography multi-lens cameras

Own Pinterest board: Illustration on Photography

23 MAY

Swing Plan It: swing workshops / camps during the summer
21 - 25 June: Swing Crash Festival (Como, Italy)
1 July - 5 August: Herrang Dance Camp (Herrang, Sweden)
8 - 15 July: Swing Summit (Ardeche, France)
10 July - 18 August: Swing Step (Berlin, Germany)
17 - 20 August: Amber Swing (Gdansk, Poland)
21 - 27 August: Big Experience (Avila, Spain)

Ted Talks: Gabriel Barcia-Colombo: Capturing memories in video art
Gabriel Barcia Colombo's portfolio / website

22 MAY

Outdoor swing practice Roffa Swing Gasshopper

  • learned new steps
  • idea to make jive workshop: need to practice on others
  • found a site - Swing Plan It - that lists many swing events in the summer

Vox: Magic Eye: The optical illusion, explained
Audible: Camera Obscura

21 MAY

Trip to Gemeentemuseum in Den Haag
Wonderkamers: holograms and dancing games

19 MAY

second social dance

  • fears are broken
  • have more energy
  • feel happier
  • got taught new moves by a skilled dancer
  • managed to flow into unknown to me charleston moves
  • got introduced to Herrang summer camp

18 MAY

first social dance: RoffaSwingPraktijk Delfshaven

  • fear of going on my own
  • fear of being a newbie
  • got introduced to ‘shag’
  • taught a little of charleston, got positive feedback

RoffaSwing mei.jpg

15 MAY

Vox: How wildlife films warp time

  • Slow Motion - increasing camera frame rate to not lose quality
  • Time lapse - (opposite of slow motion) fewer frames over a longer period of time
  • Hyperlaspe - stitching many photos together / "takes you on a journey"

Russian Ark (2002)

Vox: How the BBC makes Planet Earth look like a Hollywood movie
"The camera is never static" - Mike Gunston
"feels more immersive / connected"

14 MAY

Insight into ballroom & latin dance class:

Sean and I haven't danced together in 5 weeks. Before the class started I was wondering whether we would be able to fall right back into flow - regarding both steps and our bond in dancing. Neither of us practised any of the routines since the last class, yet I was fairly optimistic. The class did focus on latin (cha cha, rumba, jive, samba and pasodoble) which we felt more familiar - and relaxed - with.

For a warmup we got given a quickstep (ballroom). Sean was not reading me, our connection was weak, he only remembered the basic step, I did not remember the most recent (gold) steps. It felt chaotic and slightly disappointing. I knew that a small break would cause us to loose focus, skill and memory, but I wasn't expecting it to be that bad. Thankfully after a song or two we could forget about this failure and move on.

Cha cha. Alright, hopes rose again. Sean leaned in and whispered that we probably have this engraved in the back of our heads. [Note: sometimes before starting a new style, we encourage each other that we have it under control / we can ace it / we got this. It really does help our morale]. Indeed, cha cha went fairly smoothly, although Sean did forget a step or two here and there. He clapped too early in one step and laughed it off saying that he was just too excited. Morale up!

Rumba. Our least favourite dance for years, but we're trying to see it as a challange now. Rumba is slow, sweet and romantic - very contrasting to our relationship and dynamic. Nevertheless, with the newest additions in the gold level, there are more complex turns that require technique and full focus. Last time our teacher gave us feedback and suggested we really stretch our legs with each step to make it look more professional. Keeping that in mind, the dance became a game. During todays class we struggled with getting the last steps right, although we managed to dance them flawlessly months ago. It took a few tries to get back on track. The teachers noticed us struggle a little.

Jive. Our signature dance! No problems there. One of the teachers glanced at us and smiled right as it was announced jive was next. She knew that we have this covered. It felt like our dynamic was back on track too. No forgotten steps, good leading, complete flow, smooth as butter.

Samba. It was nice to see our teachers go over it once before it was our turn. I think we would have managed without a recap, but it eased my mind slightly. I don't think we had any problems there either.

Pasodoble. Also aced it. Half way through the lead teacher asked me to assist him - as his partner was busy - and we showed the routine to the rest of the class. Pretty honoured whenever this happens and I don't screw up, yet laughing it off whenever I do.

Overall conclusion

  • we need to go over quickstep because we forgot most of it
  • took us ±10-15 minutes to get into it / feeling confident / not making mistakes
  • rumba still needs some work, but leg stretching challange eases the slow, romantic drag
  • I'm very excited to get together with Sean and introduce him to the world of Swing / Lindy Hop / Charleston
  • teaching Swing to Sean could be one of my future dance experiments
  • we need to meet up more often and practise all ballroom and latin styles
  • creating this tool to help us recap choreography could really make a difference

11 MAY

First Lindy Hop class


First Charleston class:

Everyone was sweating profoundly within the first 5 minutes.

I was absolutely amazed by the ease with which they introduced us to this style. I was aware that the footwork is a little crazy, as there is fast kicking front, back, with left and right feet, and you need to memorise with foot goes where at what time. The rhythm is also a little funky and I didn't fully understand it that one random time I was quickly shown by a class mate.

As suggested, I did a little stretching once I got home. I tried to remember the stretching techniques from my dance camps from when I was 10 years old - these tips still come in handy! I must have forgotten a few, because later that night I could feel my gluteus were on fire.


Fritz Kahn: Infographics Pioneer


[ idea: draw immune system attacking neurones ]


Methods Capturing Memory in Time draft





Lars & Marley Justtin - Lovestoned
recorded dance rehearsal in the studio

How to Do Beginner Footwork | Bachata Dance
recorded in green room (?) - static camera view

Major Lazer - "Watch out for this" dance super video by DHQ Fraules
weak storyline forced into a choreography

"Medicine" - A Dance Film
strikingly strong storyline enriches / shapes the choreography

SLIP | @PhillipChbeeb & Renee Kester | @ElliotMossMusic
storyline works with the choreography

"Witchcraft" - A Dance Film
simple and sweet storyline works along (but does not shape) the choreography

Sep & Alexia in Rotterdam, dancing to Dr. Bernard and his Swing Cats!
recorded freestyle during event

Justin Peck and Janie Taylor, for the Block Magazine
recorded in the studio, but not static and has simple storyline

Sergei Polunin, "Take Me to Church" by Hozier, Directed by David LaChapelle
simple storyline, focuses on dance and film technique - behind the scenes

100 years of fashion in 100 seconds
no storyline, cut into many small segments. focuses on evolution of fashion, time is shown through dance


William J. Friedman - the strength model vs the inference model talk about long term / short term memory and how it is prioritised, how it fades, but also how there is no difference

Lauren Slater - Opening Skinner’s Box (chapter 9 - Memory Inc.)

  • Scoville’s discovery of the role of the hippocampus by operating on Henry M.
  • Milner’s distinction of procedural memory, which further led to the distinction of semantic and declarative memory
  • Eric Kandel’s interest in H.M. and alternative further research on sea slugs (bigger neurons) altered Skinner’s and Pavlov’s “learning theory” into “memory”

27 JANUARY Skip to 27:00


Opening Skinner's Box by Lauren Slater
Chapel 8: Lost in the Mail: The False Memory Experiment (pages 182-204)
Chapel 9: Memory Inc.: Eric Kandel's Sea Slug Experiment (pages 205-223)

hippocampus stores memory