The bootleg library
About the bootleg library
The bootleg library is a physical/digital/social collection of unauthorised republished texts. It was initiated by Simon Browne while he was at XPUB in 2020. The digital library is now a (fairly) stable study resource for XPUB staff and students, containing many texts that have been freely shared amongst the interpersonal network extending from PZI's XPUB through to LB, and MFA, and guests at various bootleg library sessions at Varia, Onomatopee and AMRO (Art Meets Radical Openness) 2020.
Self-hosted on a Raspberry Pi, the library runs on the open-source software calibre-web, and goes through HUB over tinc.
The guide below is a (fairly) simple HOWTO for the bootleg library, based on its initial energy and aspirations. It is in no way technically comprehensive. For a more thorough breakdown of calibre-web's technical setup, refer to its wiki: https://github.com/janeczku/calibre-web/wiki
At the time of writing this cheatsheet (October 2020), the collection is mostly media and art theory, feminism(s), technical manuals and literature. However, the bootleg library is inclusive of other fields of knowledge, and is not limited to academic texts. Files have been uploaded individually by readers who wish to share items that represent their interests, so the collection includes sound files (MP3) novels, comics, joke books, poetry, calendars, and so on. The bootleg library welcomes diverse interests and definitions of what is "knowledge".
On arrival at hub.xpub.nl/bootleglibrary, you will need to enter in an HTTP login to gain access to the bootleg library. If you don't know these details, ask around or contact Simon via the XPUB mailinglist.
The interface: "read" and "write"
After entering in the correct HTTP login, you'll see the interface is divided into two general navigation zones. They're not labelled as such, but in general they are there for the functions of "read", or browse at the collection, and "write", or upload, login and edit texts that describe the collection.
- the "read" navigation on the left, a section where you can search or browse the collection
- the "write" navigation on the top right, which includes buttons for upload, login
You will automatically be using the default guest account (you'll see the icon with the word "Guest" next to it in the write navigation). If you want to sign in under a registered user account, first the account must be made (see Make a registered user account below).
Reading the collection
The top left contains an input field to run a general search of the collection based on keywords. Alternatively, a more fine-grained search can be run in "advanced search".
On the left is a list of options for filtering the collection in the main view.
- Recently added
- Hot books (the most viewed listings)
- Best rated books
- Read books (all books that the signed-in user has marked as "read")
- Unread books (all books that the signed-in user has not marked as "read")
- Discover (random books)
- Categories (a list of tags made when entering metadata)
- Series (all items that are listed in a series in their metadata)
- Ratings (from 1-5 star ratings in metadata)
- File formats
Writing the collection
Upload a file
There are a lot of places where you can find files, online in many places that are constantly being updated as libraries go down, such as this list made in 2019. You probably already have a bunch on your computer or an old hard drive somewhere. Please feel free to upload and share texts you are familiar with, and feel are representative of your interests.
The software calibre-web supports reading multiple file formats in the browser, including:
- ebooks (.txt, .epub, .pdf, .cbr, .cbt, .cbz)
- audio formats (.mp3, .m4a, .m4b)
To upload a file, click on "Upload" in the write navigation. This will prompt the browser to ask you to select which file you want to upload. You'll next see a progress bar. This may take a while depending on the file size (be patient). This stores the file in the database. Next, a window will open where you can edit metadata.
Metadata (information about the publication such as title, author etc.) is important as it determines how other readers will encounter texts within the library. If the publication lacks these details, websites such as archive.org and worldcat.org can be useful for finding them. Depending on your access you may also be able to find them in a range of so-called "shadow libraries" such as monoskop, Library Genesis and aaaaarg.fail.
Metadata can be downloaded, or entered manually. To download metadata, click on the "Get metadata" button at the bottom of the page. This will bring up a window with several possible matching publications listed on websites such as Google books or goodreads.com. Click on the corresponding book cover to download metadata, including the book cover. Be aware that most fields will be filled in this method, and you may wish to edit some of these. Not all fields are necessary, nor useful for the bootleg library, and can safely be ignored or left blank. Book covers are not necessary, but are useful to have. You can upload a cover (JPEG only) if you like. Be patient though, it takes time for covers to become visible when reading the collection. Refresh your page and it will be there (eventually).
If you would prefer to enter metadata manually, these fields are the most important, and should always be filled.
- Book title
- Tags (data entered here is how the "Categories" list in the read navigation is compiled)
- Publishing date
A lot of these details will begin to be auto-entered as you type so it doesn't take that long if you decide to write them yourself. Previous entries have been recorded (especially the Tags/Categories), so it's best to select from what is there to consolidate the catalogue.
Sometimes the title will be entered in automatically, other times it will be the name of the file. If this is the case, the title should be entered as it is in full, as it appears in the publication, e.g:
A Voice and Nothing More
The Tragedy of Radical Subjectivity: From "Radical Software" to Proprietary Subjects
The author is also sometimes listed automatically, however, often the order of first and last name is not suitable to the bootleg library, which requires that the first name, last name order be used so that the "Authors" list in the read navigation is compiled correctly, via an alphabetical index corresponding to author's last names.
Authors should be entered with first name, then last, with commas separating multiple authors e.g:
Karen Eliot, Alex Smith
If the item is the work of editors, then these should be listed the following way:
Karen Eliot (ed.), Alex Smith (ed.)
Whatever is entered here will be displayed in the item's description, making it an important field for readers to be able to get a quick idea of the contents. Something should always be entered here, but this is completely at your discretion. Be as subjective as possible - what does the item mean to you? For example, a technical book may be just a practical text to some, but for others perhaps something that might have a more meaningful significance.
It's a book about UNIX.
It's a grimoire, full of charms to cast magic spells with
If you're not sure where to begin, look at what others have written about the item.
Whatever is entered here will determine the list of "Categories" in the read navigation. Don't use the hash symbol (#), it is not necessary to create a tag, and using one here will only make the tag appear with a redundant # next to it. Tags should be entered in title case, separated by commas. For example:
Art, Theory, Literature, Fiction
If the tag has several words, enter it in sentence case:
Art theory, Comparative literature, Theory fiction
If the actual day and month of publication are unknown, enter the publishing date as the first of January in the year of publication, e.g:
The publisher(s) should be listed. If there are several co-publishers, separate them with commas:
Bell Press, Round Editions, Mayview Publishers
Registered users are able to edit public and private "shelves", which are useful ways to collectively and individually organise the collection. Public shelves are visible to all users (guests and registered users), but private shelves are visible only to the signed-in registered user. Guest users may download the entire contents of a shelf, but registered users get options to edit, delete and change the order of items in shelves.
In order to create and edit shelves, first a registered user account must be made.
Make a registered user account
Although user accounts can be made by any registered user (all registered users are given admin privileges), most often these are created upon request to Simon.
Details about each registered user are public to admins, and after creating an account these details can not be changed, so please consider:
- your username (you may want to use a handle rather than your real name, or not)
- the email address to register (again, your visibility may be a concern; in that case, use an email address that is not likely to identify you easily)
If you'd like a registered user account, any registered user can make one, so ask around. Or send Simon an email via the XPUB mailinglist and he'll set one up.
Login as a registered user
To log in under a registered user account, click on the "Guest" icon in the write navigation. A new page will load, prompting you to enter your registered username and password:
Create a shelf
Once you are logged in under a registered user account, you can create a new shelf by clicking the "Create a Shelf" button at the bottom of the listed shelves in the read navigation:
Shelves are private by default, If you would like to make your shelf public, click the checkbox after you name the shelf. This will make it editable by all registered users.
Add to shelves
Catalogue listings can appear on multiple shelves. Items are added to shelves in the "book details" preview that pops up when you click on a catalogue listing in the main overview. From a drop-down list of existing shelves you can choose where the listing should appear:
To remove listing from a shelf, simply click the "x" in the boxes that show where it currently is shelved (removing a listing from a shelf does not remove it from the collection).
Clicking on a shelf brings up the options to
- Download (all the texts, or one-by-one)
- Delete this Shelf
- Edit shelf (the shelf's name, and whether it is public or private)
- Change order
Annotate the collection
Various methods of annotating the collection already exist.
- Annotations made in the form of pasted links to pads in the book description:
- Annotations made in the form of EPUBs catalogued alongside PDFs in the bootleg library: Notes on Texts
There are future plans to add [hypothesis] plugin to the bootleg library, so that annotations may exist in closer proximity to the text. Hypothesis is software that allows you to "annotate the web", and can be used as a plugin for e-readers in the browser.